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Saturday 30th July 2011 8:00 PM
Starring Joe Clair, Malik S., Wil Syl Vince, Lady T. + Nema Williams Hosted by "The Bahamian King of Comedy" Naughty Also appearing: Mark B.,"Johnson Road's Finest" Saturday, 30th July 2011 @ Rainforest Theatre, Crystal Palace Casino Nassau, Bahamas ADM: $35 general, $50 VIP Available at Island Cellular (Rosetta St.), Nassau Pawn (Bay St.), John's Shoes (Carmichael Rd.) TIME: Doors open 8PM, SHowtime 9PM sharp SPONSORS: Smirnoff Vodka, BTC Blackberry, Nassau Pawn, John's Shoe Stores, Island Game, Island Cellular, Island Pay Advance, KFC
Tendinitis is the inflammation or irritation of a tendon. Tendons are thick fibrous cords of tissue that connect muscles to bone. The condition causes pain and tenderness just outside a joint. While tendinitis can occur in any of your body's tendons, it's most common around your shoulders, elbows, wrists and heels.Undue strain results in over 230,000 Achilles tendon injuries per year in the U.S. alone.There are many tendons in the foot and ankle. The largest and strongest tendon of the foot is the Achilles tendon, which extends from the calf muscles down to the heel bone. Its strength and function allows humans to run, jump, walk up stairs, and stand onto the toes. Achilles tendinitis (pain on the back of the heel) or an inflammation of the Achilles tendon, is one of the most common causes of foot or ankle pain. Other types of foot/ankle tendinitis include posterior tibial tendinitis (pain on the bottom of the foot) and peroneal tendinitis(pain on the side of the foot). Causes Tendinitis can result from an injury or over-use of a part of the foot. Undue strain could be caused by a variety of factors, including tightness or weakness of the leg, knee, hip, or back; high or low arches; uneven leg lengths; and/or sudden (rather than gradual) increases in training, such as running faster, further, or up steeper hills. Not stretching or incorrect stretching prior to exercise or incorrect form during physical activity can also cause tendinitis. Although tendinitis can be caused by a sudden injury, the condition is much more likely to stem from repeating a particular movement over time.Most people develop tendinitis because their jobs or hobbies involve repetitive motions, which put stress on the tendons needed to perform the tasks. Using proper technique is especially important when performing repetitive sports movements or job-related activities. Improper technique can overload the tendons and lead to tendinitis. Some people are at higher risk for developing tendinitis such as those with flat feet, tight tendons and arthritis.Risk factors for developing tendinitis include age, working in particular jobs or participating in certain sports. As people get older, their tendons become less flexible which makes them easier to injure. Tendinitis is more common in people whose jobs involve repetitive motions, awkward positions, frequent overhead reaching, vibration and forceful exertion. You may be more likely to develop tendinitis if you participate in certain sports that involve repetitive motions, especially if the technique isn't optimal. Symptoms Pain is the most common symptom of tendinitis. The pain will be most noticeable when you try to move that part of your body that is inflamed. Signs and symptoms of tendinitis occur at the point where a tendon attaches to a bone and typically include pain, often described as a dull ache, especially when moving the affected limb or joint, tenderness, and mild swelling. Prevention To reduce your chance of developing tendinitis, follow these suggestions: o Ease up. Avoid activities that place excessive stress on your tendons, especially for prolonged periods. If you notice pain during a particular exercise, stop and rest. o Mix it up. If one exercise or activity causes you a particular, persistent pain, try something else. Cross-training can help you mix up an impact-loading exercise, such as running, with lower impact exercise, such as biking or swimming. o Improve your technique. If your technique in an activity or exercise is flawed, you could be setting yourself up for problems with your tendons. Consider taking lessons or getting professional instructions when starting a new sport or using exercise equipment. o Stretch first. Before you exercise, take time to stretch in order to maximize the range of motion of your joints. This can help to minimize repetitive microtrauma on tight tissues. Remember to stretch after exercise, too. o Use proper equipment and space in your workplace. If possible, check out your work space, for example adjust your chair and other equipment for your usual tasks. This will help protect all your joints and tendons from excessive stress. o Prepare your muscles to play. Strengthening muscles used in your activity or sport can help them better withstand stress and load. o Gradually increasing your activity level with an appropriate training schedule -- up to a 5 kilometer run, for instance, instead of simply running the whole course the first day -- can also help prevent tendinitis. o The best way to prevent an Achilles tendon injury is to stay in overall good shape, and warm-up, stretch, and strengthen the Achilles tendons. When to visit a podiatrist If you develop some tendinitis it is best to rest and ice the area. Stay off your foot or ankle as much as possible and apply ice for up to 15 minutes at a time, three to four times a day. You can also take some over the counter anti-inflammatory tablet. If the pain doesn't go away with ice and rest, or if the pain persists beyond a week, it's time to see a podiatrist. Don't wait. Tendinitis can become a chronic problem, and it's a lot harder to treat chronic problems than acute injuries. Diagnosis and treatment When you see the podiatrist, they will ask you some questions about your pain and general health and perform a complete physical examination of your feet and ankles. X-rays or an MRI might be ordered to rule out any other problems, such as a fracture or torn tendon.The treatment will focus on relieving the pain-reducing inflammation and preventing further injury. Medication can help too. Your podiatrist may recommend or prescribe oral medication. These may include pain relievers and anti-inflamatories. Topical creams with anti-inflammatory medication may also be effective in relieving pain without the potential side effects. Sometimes your doctor may inject a corticosteroid medication around a tendon to relieve tendinitis. Such injections reduce inflammation and can help ease pain. However, repeated injections may weaken a tendon, increasing your risk of rupturing the tendon.Your podiatrist may create shoe inserts or a soft cast to effectively immobilize the affected area for a period of time. (Often, a couple of weeks are needed for the tendon to heal.) You might benefit from a program of specific eccentric exercises designed to stretch and strengthen the affected muscle-tendon unit that has been shown to be effective in treating chronic tendon inflammation.Most cases of tendinitis can be successfully treated with rest, physical therapy and medications to reduce pain. However, if tendinitis is severe and leads to the rupture of a tendon, you may need surgical repair. o For more information visit www.apma.org or www.mayoclinic.org. To see a podiatrist visit Bahamas Foot Centre on Rosetta Street; or call 325-2996 for an appointment; or call Bahamas Surgical Associates Centre on Albury Lane, off Shirley Street; or call 394-5820 for an appointment.
Whether it's by boat or plane, people in the know are making their way to Fresh Creek, Andros, this weekend for the 15th Annual All-Andros Crab Fest.
From the iconic release of thousands of white and black crabs, which people make a mad dash to catch, to the crabby games, to a special corner set up just for the kids, and the many ways to indulge in crab cuisine at Queen's Park, Crab Fest is a festival to be enjoyed by all.
And nothing could possibly be better than giving Bahamians a native crab treat to enjoy while listening to the sounds of some of the country's hottest performers. Ira Storr and the Spank Band, Elon Moxey, Veronica Bishop, Stileet, K.B., Terez Hepburn and Geno D are all expected to take to the stage at some point during the June 8-10 event, to wow the crowd with their performances that always prove to be energetic. Sealing the musical deal will be hometown favorites the Soulful Groovers, Foxy and the Boys and steel pan player Francis Henry.
So for those people jonesing for a down home affair, Crab Fest is the place to be.
It is clear that the festival, which originally was formed as a means to boost the local economy, while reuniting family members and friends from Central Andros in the traditional style of a homecoming, has now escalated into the most anticipated cultural event of the year in Andros.
"Over the years, the All-Andros Crab Fest has gone from being just something only locals came out to support, to people from other areas of Andros boating in to see to what we have now. Hundreds of people flood in from the capital and other islands to be a part of this spectacular display of culture," said Peter Douglas, founder of the Crab Fest. "This has grown into something people from all walks of life thoroughly love. There is nothing like this in The Bahamas with all the cultural and natural things that will be on display."
No matter how sweet the music at Crab Fest though, the main attraction is always the crab catching event and other crab inspired games for people to participate in.
"Crab catching is always a big hit. We let go thousands of crabs in the park, and the people go wild. It's a mad dash to catch those crabs and see who can catch them the fastest. It's always a lot of fun."
There will be a crab release twice -- once on Friday evening and again on Saturday evening -- to see who can catch the most crabs and who can catch the biggest crab,
Other crab events to look forward to will be the crab race, crab clipping contest, the crab dance and even the crab bag race. Competitions like coconut barking, cane peeling and onion peeling will also be featured.
Some 2,000 crabs will also be held in a crab habitat (with a man-made creek) constructed at the Crab Fest site for the occasion to showcase crabs living in natural quarters. The educational exhibit will give an accurate show of how the crabs that Bahamians love to eat, live in nature.
And for the children, there will be a crab slide show, nature walks, crossword puzzles, craft corner and crab games like pin the legs on the crab and crab hoopla to keep them excited. A bouncing castle and face painting will also hold their interest. They will even be able to learn how to catch crabs in a kid friendly crab-catching class.
To further deepen the cultural experience, there will also be a craft corner where local artisans will display and sell their works from straw hats, bags, shell jewelry, beaded bracelets, necklaces, handcrafted shoes and Androsia products.
Of course with all that activity you are bound to get hungry, but not to worry, there will be lots to eat and drink. There will be many crab dish variations that Androsians boast they have learned to cook -- crab and rice, crab and dough, crab fritters, crab soup, deep fat fried crab, garlic crab, ginger crab, curry crab, crab and grits, crabby patties, crab cakes, stew crab and minced crab.
And for the few people that don't partake of crab delicacies, there will be the non-crab favorites like fried fish, and all the chicken and seafood dishes they can consume, with of course, all of their favorite sides, and pastries. And you can wash it all down with the likes of sky juice and natural fruit drinks. No matter what you head to Andros for, you will definitely leave with a belly full.
All-Andros Crab Fest
When: Friday, June 8 - Sunday, June 10
Where: Queen's Park, Fresh Creek
Time: 9 a.m. - until, daily
Cost: $10 admission
Planning a fairy tale wedding on a shoe string budget can be a stress filled experience for anyone. For the bride and groom it is the first true test of how you and your spouse will handle a lifetime of money matters. Here are a few tips to start the process of planning the fairy tale wedding for you and your guest.
Talk about money - Most couples embarking on this wedding planning adventure are afraid to simply talk money. Other than a house, this is one of the biggest spending sprees you will share. If a parent, or future in-law has agreed to foot the bill, sit together and talk about it. Start with a list of wedding day wishes and wedding day must haves and work together from there.
Create a budget - The choices are no longer limited for couples.There are unlimited tools to assist you in creating a realistic wedding day budget. For those do it yourself brides you can search the net for a wedding planning guide. We highly suggest hiring a certified wedding consultant to assist with your pre-budget planning. Here is a big question; Would you allow a car mechanic to operate on you? Never! You would consult a specialist. Hire a specialist. Think not of it as extra money spent, but of money and time due to expert advise received.
Location - All other aspects of wedding planning should be based on your confirmation of venue for the ceremony and reception. Venue charges vary, and your selection should be based on your estimated number of attendees. Some venues give discounts on middle of the week weddings, while some offer free reception room charge based on catering menu selected. For the discerning bride that likes to start a trend rather then follow the trends, there are numerous locations available. Think out of the box, be a trend-setter.
Vendor selection - Weddings today are quite affordable if a wee bit of creativity and research is used when planning. Make a list of all vendors from photographer to pastry chef, to entertainment and floral designer. Use of family members and friends as vendors should be carefully thought out as this is not a always a good remedy to save cost. Many friendships have ceased due to work not received, completed and not up to brides expectations. Research all vendors, confirm credentials, certification and community credibility. Written contracts should be made, no matter what the relation for all vendors for your security and assurance of a successful event.
Most days Beth Darville wakes up in pain, then struggles through her daily routine in pain before taking to her bed at the end of the day -- still in pain. It's a day that's incomprehensible to most people, but there is a segment of society that understands Darville's pain. They are all Lupus suffers.
Lupus is a chronic inflammatory disease. It occurs because white blood cells attack the body because they cannot differentiate between healthy cells and dangerous ones. The most affected parts of the body include the brain, kidney, joints and skin. But the most defining mark in Lupus is usually the butterfly rash that spreads across the patient's nose.
According to general practitioner, Dr. Patrick Whitfield who works out of the Oxford Medical Center, the illness occurs more commonly in females than in males with a ratio of 11 females to one male. He said the disease affects women in their childbearing years normally in their 20s and 30s. In the United States, statistics show 52 cases per 100,000 are diagnosed with Lupus. With this in mind the physicians says if the Bahamian population follows a similar trend it is likely that with a population of about 400,000 that over 200 people are diagnosed with the illness.
Forty-five-year-old Darville's life has been a rollercoaster of discomfort and debilitating aches since she was diagnosed 15 years ago with the autoimmune disease.
Her painful journey began when she started having unexplained ulcers in her legs often accompanied by excruciating joint pain. She visited doctors on many occasions but was told there was nothing wrong with her and she was a hypochondriac (a person preoccupied with the idea of being medically ill). Despite this she had an underlying feeling that something was not right.
"Even before I was diagnosed with Lupus I knew something was not right. My doctor kept telling me I was over-worrying myself with something that didn't even exist but I knew that I was not wrong. What worried me even more was that my symptoms were similar to those of my older sister, Shirl, who had been diagnosed with Lupus 15 years prior to when I thought I was experiencing the same thing. But it was only when I had my daughter, Lyette Darville, and I visited another doctor that I was finally taken seriously and eventually through numerous tests I was diagnosed with Discoid lupus erythematosus."
The diagnosis terrified her even though she was happy to be able to put a label on what was going on with her. She had watched her sister battle the disease for years and even knock at death's door on numerous occasions. Darville could not imagine having to go through the pain and suffering she watched her sister endure. She dealt with her diagnosis by avoiding the medication hoping the illness would go away. But after a number of hospitalizations -- one due to her bladder muscles collapsing, made her realize that she had to take the illness seriously and not play Russian Roulette with her life.
"It is hard to come to terms with this illness but through seeing my sister fight so hard and successfully with this illness I knew I could do it. She is my hero personally and I realize more than ever that there are so many people who are worse off than I am and they still fight it and can smile. But even though I am now on my medications properly and I am fighting to be in the best health possible everything does not go well. Emotionally this illness is unpredictable. One moment I can feel great and happy and then the next I feel terrible and cranky. It's hard, but it's something you can't shy away from."
Besides the arthritic pain and swelling like many other patients with Lupus, Darville also suffers from Raynaud's Syndrome, which means that smaller arteries that supply blood to the skin narrow, limiting blood circulation to affected areass. (The condition causes some areas of the body, such as fingers, toes, the tip of the nose and ears to feel numb and cool in response to cold temperatures or stress). To combat this she always takes with her a tam, scarf and gloves. And is aware of how ridiculous she may look with them on in the middle of summer.
Since she accepted her disease she said she has learned to get accustomed to the changes that occur within her body and how to manage her drastic personality changes. But she admits it's not easy. Her daughter sometimes refers to her as the "Incredible Hulk". She said even her co-workers know when she is down and playfully refer to her altered personality as "Beth Ann". But even through her crankiest moments Darville said it is through their support of her on her good and bad days that she has been able to cope as well as she has throughout the years.
"When you have Lupus it's hard to keep a job because of the pain and anxiety you can feel. But I have been able to work through it thankfully because of the support of my boss and co-workers at IBM. Days when I am really down, particularly in the rainy or cold weather I am allowed to work from home. Even days when I am down but I still manage to go in to work, my co-workers, Tiana, Abigail, Inae and Marie always find a way to make me smile and laugh. They have been among the most supportive in this entire ordeal."
Since taking her disease seriously, she has started a journal to chronicle her daily experiences and to properly monitor her stress levels which is important because her illness thrives on stress and she can experience flare ups when she is too tired.
"At the end of the day although Lupus has given me pain and discomfort it has taught me to appreciate life, value good friends and shown me that family is not always blood relatives, but people who treat you as such. It has taught me to forgive and let go [because] with this kind of illness you can't carry around things like hate or anger because it causes more stress within the body which can literally make me sick. I have also become stronger in my faith and I have learned to give a lot in time and talent."
It has been 15 years since her diagnosis, but Darville finds difficult the fact that many of her family members still don't understand fully what she goes through. And at this stage in her life she said she does not always try to explain it anymore. She has come to realize that some people will never understand just how painful the illness can be from moment to moment.
Like many chronic diseases, Lupus sometimes takes a while to be recognized and properly treated according to Dr. Whitfield. He said this is because the symptoms can be mistaken for other illnesses and as a result sometimes people underestimate their problem. He said the constitutional symptoms of Lupus include fatigue, fever, joint pain, weight changes, muscular and skeletal pain (joints of the hands, wrists), skin changes, photo sensitivity and hair loss.
"Even though you may have these symptoms, they may very well not be Lupus, which is why to be sure you have to get a doctor's diagnosis," he said.
Dr. Whitfield said that although Lupus can seem depressing and is very painful, the mortality rate for this disease is relatively low. There is an 80 percent chance that patients will make it to at least 15 years after diagnosis. Also with regular care and treatment, mortality is also greatly reduced. However, there is a 50 percent chance that people with Lupus will suffer from kidney diseases which is difficult and if it leads to kidney failure it can decrease their life expectancy. He also said that reports show that about a third of all Lupus patients in the U.S. died below the age of 45, but even so chances were still good for people with the disease to live a relatively normal life if they are on the right medication and are vigilant about their health.
If Lupus is left unmanaged people run the risk of developing symptoms that affect the kidneys and lead to failure with each new relapse said the medical practitioner. Neuro-psychiatric features like seizures, psychosis with hallucination, delirium and meningitis can also occur. Sometimes antibodies can attack the spine so patients can develop a weakness in their lower body making it difficult to walk. Strokes can also happen as well as a cognitive disorder similar to Alzheimer's. Untreated patients or those who are lax in their follow-ups, even with a relapse can eventually get lung and heart diseases like pleurisy or pericarditis respectively which are illness where the linings of the organs are inflamed.
Dr. Whitfield said early treatment can decrease the damage that the disease can cause and allow a person diagnosed with Lupus to live a normal life. He said it's a disease that should be taken seriously.
Because of her experience Darville advises people with Lupus to find support groups that suit their needs. She used to be a part of Lupus Foundation of America but found it was too depressing. She also was a part of "Life with Lupus" support group which she finds is far more supportive and uplifting. But the first local support group that she is a part of "242 Lupus Bahamas Support Group" is one she is pleased with. She is able to share her experiences and uplift new people diagnosed with the illness.
World Lupus Day
As May is Lupus Awareness Month, World Lupus Day will be celebrated on Thursday, May 10. The local support group is asking the Bahamian public to P.O.P. (Put On Purple) for Lupus to raise awareness of the illness.
"Putting on purple is a simple way to show support for this cause,"said Shonalee Johnson, vice-president and public relations officer of Lupus Bahamas 242. "Whether it's a tie, a blouse or even purple shoes, we want to appeal to the general public, corporate Bahamas and schools to participate in this exercise. This is a global exercise and we want to do our part locally to stop and recognize the impact that Lupus has on lives here in The Bahamas."
On Sunday, May 20, the group will also host a Purple Hat Tea Party Affair at St. Matthew's Anglican Parish Hall to raise funds for research.
Lupus Bahamas 242 was officially launched last month with the goal of increasing information and providing for people living with Lupus in The Bahamas.
oFor more information on the group and for information on upcoming events, visit the Lupus Bahamas 242 page on Facebook at https://www.facebook.com/pages/Lupus-Bahamas-242-Information-Support/161404860604123 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.
Most people have heard of or seen a bunion at some time on the foot. When there is a bump on the outer side of the foot near the little toe, it is a Tailor's bunion. It is also called a bunionette. This foot deformity received its name centuries ago, when tailors sat cross-legged all day with their feet rubbing on the ground, which led them developing a painful bump at the side of the little toe.
A Tailor's bunion is an enlargement of the head of the long bone behind the little toe. This produces a pressure area and callus at the bottom of the fifth toe.
Tailor's bunion is caused by inherited faulty mechanical structure of the foot. Constant pressure causes changes in the bony shape of the foot, resulting in the development of the enlargement. The fifth metatarsal bone starts to protrude outward, while the little toe moves inward. This shift creates a bump on the outside of the foot that becomes irritated whenever a shoe presses against it. Sometimes a Tailor's bunion is an outgrowth of bone on the side of the fifth metatarsal head. Regardless of the cause, the symptoms of a Tailor's bunion are usually aggravated by wearing shoes that are too tight in the toe, producing constant rubbing and pressure.
The symptoms of tailor's bunions include redness, swelling, and pain at the outer side of the foot. These symptoms occur when wearing shoes that rub against the bump, irritating the soft tissues underneath the skin and producing inflammation. Constant rubbing and pressure on the skin forms a callus and the tissues under the skin also grow thicker. Both the thick callus and the thick soft tissues under it are irritated and painful.
Tailor's bunion is easily diagnosed on physical examination.
However, x-rays may be ordered to help the podiatrist determine the cause and extent of the deformity and will help if surgery is necessary later.
Initial treatment for a Tailor's bunion begins with non-surgical therapies. Your podiatrist may select one or more of the following:
o Shoe modifications. Choose to wear shoes that have a wide toe box, and avoid those with pointed toes or high heels.
o Remove the callus. For pain relief, the podiatrist can also remove some of the built-up callus and hard skin in the area. This is an important step to prevent pain and even ulcers from developing at the site of the Tailor's bunion.
o Padding. Bunionette pads can be placed over the area to help reduce pain.
o Oral medications. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), may help relieve the pain and inflammation.
o Icing. An ice pack may also be applied to reduce pain and inflammation.
o Injection therapy. Injections of corticosteroid may be used to treat the inflamed tissue around the joint.
o Orthotic devices. In some cases, custom orthotics devices may be provided by the foot and ankle surgeon.
Surgery is often considered when the pain continues regardless of treatment efforts. Based on the extent of the deformity, a corrective surgical procedure will be selected. The podiatrist will take into consideration the extent of the deformity based on the x-ray findings, the age, the activity level, and other factors. Surgery usually involves removing the prominence of bone underneath the bunion to relieve pressure. Before deciding on the procedure extra bone is removed and the fifth toe and joint is straightened. The recovery time after surgery, will vary, depending on the procedure or procedures performed.
oFor more information, email me at email@example.com or visit www.foothealth.org or apma.org. To see a podiatrist, visit Bahamas Foot Centre on Rosetta Street, telephone 325-2996 or Bahamas Surgical Associates on Albury Lane, telephone 394-5820.
Bahama Island - Lucaya International School is proud to announce its
annual favorite fundraiser, the Fishing Fling Tournament on May 26th.
Fishing can begin at 6:00am, weigh-in from 6:30-8:30pm, followed by a
celebration of the day's catches at our Splash Bash! Come to fish,
party, or both! The festivities will take place at the GB Sailing Club,
and will include a cash bar, dinner and dancing. Bring your party shoes
along with your rod and reel!
This year we are thrilled to
announce Jamie Rose, of OBS Marine Ltd. as our Tournament Director. In
addition to a grand cash prize, winners will have a chance to win
merchandise prizes from OBS...
Back over Versace, Bahamian fashion designer
Latoya Hanna-Moxey is making her way down the catwalk this week,
debuting her line of Minka swimwear at Miami Fashion Week.
The Miami Beach International Fashion Week is
said to be the fifth largest event on the fashion calendar and from
March 21 to 24, the Caribbean is being represented in a big way.
Hanna-Moxey has been invited to showcase a minimum of 20 pieces in her collection this week, with accessories and shoes to boot.
Defence force officers have been placed in sections of Her Majesty's Prisons (HMP) since Friday after a significant number of prison officers called in sick, according to Superintendent Dr. Elliston Rahming.
Rahming said 35 percent of the prison's staff called in sick and had not returned to work up to yesterday, although he maintained that operations are normal at the prison.
He revealed that prison recruits, who have entered the apprenticeship program at HMP, have also pitched in to maintain order.
"There is no undue security risk," Rahming told The Nassau Guardian.
"We have a number of prison officers who are turning up to work. They are being assisted, and they are doing an excellent job."
For security reasons, he declined to disclose the number of Defence Force officers stationed at the prison.
At a press conference yesterday, executives of the National Congress of Trade Unions of The Bahamas (NCTUB) and its affiliate, the Bahamas Prison Officers Association (BPOA), said prison administrators, as well as the present and past governments have failed to address the majority of prison officers' concerns.
"The brave men and women charged with overseeing the care and protection of inmates have been subjected to deplorable and dangerous conditions that have caused short and long-term illnesses to the point where they are unable to work," said NCTUB President Jennifer Isaacs-Dotson at the press conference at the Bahamas Musicians and Entertainers Union's headquarters on Horse Shoe Drive.
However, National Security Minister Tommy Turnquest said the government has done "a great deal" to address these concerns.
"I think if you compare what we have done, compared with any other administration you would have to conclude that we have done a great deal," Turnquest said.
This is the third time prison officers have conducted a sick-out "just weeks before a general election", according to Dr. Rahming.
Isaacs-Dotson said the actions taken by the officers are not politically motivated.
She also said the umbrella union will increase its public campaign "and do what it must", including taking legal action to ensure HMP staff work in a "safe and healthy environment".
Last month, NCTUB threatened industrial action over labor issues it claimed were outstanding, such as insufficient drinking water for staff; poorly functioning running water facilities in the prison; the perimeter wall not being completed after more than five years and the roof of the maximum security wing needing repairs.
Rahming claimed many of the issues are longstanding, "beyond the scope of the prison itself and many of them are just outright not true", although he did not elaborate.
Turnquest said the Defence Force officers stationed at the prison have the necessary training and qualifications to properly carry out prison duties.
Defence Force officers were recently called on to work at Lynden Pindling International Airport when the union that represents customs and immigration officers took industrial action over outstanding issues in its industrial agreement.
When asked if the Defence Force was being stretched by the recent actions of unions, Turnquest said: "It means that they can't do their regular duties, but they are called upon to fill in when there are some national security concerns."
He said he was of the understanding that the association's concerns were resolved, or being resolved, and has maintained an open door policy for its executives.
If your arches are flat and the feet points outward, you have flat feet. If you have pain in the heel, arch or ankle you may have painful flat feet and need to be seen by a podiatrist for relief.
What is adult flat foot?
Flat feet or fallen arches is when the arch on the inside of the foot flattens and the entire sole of the foot touches the floor when the person stands up. Flat foot is a common and usually painless condition, where the arches do not develop during childhood or may be flattened due to an injury or other foot changes. Flat feet can sometimes cause problems in the ankles and knees because it changes the alignment and functioning of these joints.
There are two main arches on the bottom of the foot, the longitudinal and transverse arches. They are maintained by the shape of the bones, muscle activity, tendons and ligaments of the feet. The posterior tibial tendon and the spring ligaments are vital to maintain the arch and when they are damaged lead to flat feet. It is estimated that 20 to 30 percent of the general population never develop an arch in one or both feet. Three studies of military recruits showed no increased injury, or foot problems, due to flat feet, in people without prior foot problems.
Causes of adult flat feet
A flat foot is normal in infants and toddlers because the foot hasn't yet developed the arches. In most people the arches develop throughout childhood, but in some people the arches never develop. This is a normal foot type, and some people without arches may or may not have foot problems.
On the other hand, arches can also fall over time. This is known as adult acquired flatfoot. Years of wear and tear can weaken the posterior tibial tendon, which runs along the inside of your ankle and maintains the arch. Flat feet can also develop as a result of an injury, illness, biomechanics (excessive pronation or rolling inwards of the foot), or as part of the normal aging process. Dysfunction and injury to the Posterior tibial tendon is one of the most common causes of flat foot. Other known risk factors include obesity, aging, arthritis and chronic diseases (hypertension and diabetes). Temporary flatfoot can also occur in pregnant women as a result of hormonal changes but can become permanent. Flatfoot is most common in woman over the age of 40.
In individuals with flexible flat feet, the arch will be absent on standing (weight bearing) however when standing on tiptoes or with flexing the toes, the arch reappears. These persons may not have any foot complaints. However, some people experience foot pain, particularly in the heel or arch area, difficulty standing on tiptoes, swelling along the inside of the ankle, the foot turns outward and can cause pain in the ankles and knees. If foot pain persists, it is time to see the podiatrist.
When you go and see the podiatrist, your medical and family history will be reviewed and your feet examined. The podiatrist will also observe your feet from the front and the back, you will be asked to stand on your toes and walk to see the way the foot works. Your shoes will also be observed for wear pattern. Sometimes, x-rays are ordered to examine the joints and bones of the feet.
No treatment is necessary for flexible flat feet if there is no pain. Oftentimes, over the counter insoles and supportive shoes may be recommended to assist in supporting the foot structures and prevent future foot pain.
For persons experiencing acute foot pain, rest is important. Your podiatrist will recommend rest and avoiding activities such as walking barefoot or sporting activities that may aggravate your condition until your feet feel better. The use of medications such as non steroidal anti-inflammatories can assist with pain relief.
For persons experiencing foot pain, the podiatrist will prescribe shoe inserts (orthoses or orthotic devices). Based on the severity of the flatfoot, these can be over-the-counter arch supports or custom-designed arch supports, which are molded to the contours of the feet and will relieve foot pain. Shoe inserts won't cure the flat feet, but they will reduce the symptoms, raise the arch and give the support the foot needs to prevent foot pain. Once ordered, orthoses are generally worn for life to support the feet and prevent pain. They will need to be replaced or refurbished over time.
Wearing the right type of shoes is also important to support the feet. Sneakers or well-constructed, supportive shoes with good arches are the best type of shoes to wear. If you are overweight, weight loss is also a very important strategy to help in the treatment of flat feet.
Stretching exercises are also important because some people with flat feet have a tight or shortened Achilles tendon (heel cord). Exercises to stretch this tendon may help.
If disabling foot pain persists, surgery may be needed to provide long-lasting relief. Surgery is necessary to relieve the symptoms as well as improve the foot structure and function. The surgical procedure or procedures are selected depending on the severity of the symptoms, the type of flatfoot and the degree of deformity. Surgery can be performed to realign tendons, ligaments, muscles and bones which will create a permanent arch where none existed before. If you have flat feet and continue to have foot pain, you need to see a podiatrist.
oFor more information on flat feet, email me at firstname.lastname@example.org or visit www.foothealth.org or www.mayoclinic.com. To see a podiatrist visit Bahamas Foot Centre on Rosetta Street, telephone 325-2996 or Bahamas Surgical Associates on Albury Lane, telephone 394-5820.