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Simone Johnson's Spanish-speaking clients will never be lost in translation, once they hit the shores of The Bahamas.
In May 2010, Johnson started her Spanish tour operating business, Bahamas A Sus Ordenes, after scores of tourists complained to her about how not enough people are able to communicate with them.
Despite being bilingual for more than 20 years, she told Guardian Business in this week's edition of 'Da Plunge' that she only recently discovered that she needed to get creative in order to make the two languages work for her.
"I have noticed that in the last 10 years, we have had a large influx of Latin American visitors, but there was really no company per say concentrating on servicing these visitors," according to Johnson.
"I am also one of the Spanish ambassadors at the airport and of the main complaints is that there are not many people who speak Spanish, whether it is at the hotel or when they go to the restaurants.
"I created this tour business so that we can encourage more people to be creative with their language capabilities, so that the guests will have less to complain about. We have so many products and things to show our guests and language barriers shouldn't be used as an excuse."
She continued, "I have also noticed that the Ministry of Tourism was not really putting an emphasis on persons learning a foreign language, in order to help more foreigners in their own language."
Within the last two weeks alone, Johnson said her firm serviced 12 Argentinians, who were elated to learn about her company.
"I have found that they love to ask questions but they weren't able to ask any at their hotel because no one spoke Spanish. When they came across our service, they were elated. It's been very well-received," she noted.
Johnson pointed out that she acquired training and certification via the Bahamahost program, and expanded her business by hiring 12 part-time employees.
"They assist in doing translations for Spanish guests and act as tour guides for them as well. Altogether there are 15 of us, nine of which are Bahamians. If we want these visitors to come, we can't give them anything to complain about," she said.
GREAT BAY/MARIGOT, St. Martin
- House of Nehesi Publishers
(HNP) has just been published the French translation of the book Haiti and Trans-
Caribbean Literary Identity by Emilio Jorge Rodri?guez.
The new French edition, Hai?ti et l'identite? litte?raire trans-caribe?enne, complete
with classic photos of distinguished Haitian authors such as Fernand Hibbert and Jacques
Ste?phen Alexis, is available at Amazon.com, Arnia's, Van Dorp, and other bookstores...
FREEPORT, Grand Bahama -- Citing the huge Haitian population of Grand Bahama Island, Minister for Grand Bahama, the Hon. Dr. Michael Darville on Friday, February 22, expressed delight in having Haiti's Ambassador to The Bahamas visit the island.
His Excellency A. Antonio Rodrigue, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Republic of Haiti, on his first official visit to Grand Bahama, paid a courtesy call on the Minister for Grand Bahama at his office situated in the Harold DeGregory Complex on the Mall.
In welcoming the Ambassador, the Minister said that "we are pleased to have him and his trip will be very instrumental for us to work out some of the necessary aspects of bi-lateral trade between Haiti and The Bahamas, and one of the issue we really want to talk about is our port and how instrumental that port will be in order for us to accomplish those goals and objectives."
Minister Darville also took time out to inform his guests of the "very strong Haitian Community here on the island of Grand Bahama, and there are many issues concerning the community.
"One of the things I am certain that we would go into discussion with is the immigration aspects. We would also go into discussion on documentation and the ease of translation of documents from French to English and for them to be notarised in Haiti or the possibility of being notarised in The Bahamas so that our Department of Immigration would be in a position to expedite matters as it relates to immigration," he stated.
In translation from its Greek roots, Electroencephalogram (EEG) means electro -- electrical, encephalo -- brain and gram(ma) -- picture.
An electroencephalogram (EEG) is the recording of electrical activity of the brain, similar to the ECG (electrocardiogram) where recording electrodes are placed on the chest to capture the electrical activity of the heart. By placing electrodes on the scalp and amplifying the activity, an electrical brain picture is recorded. This picture may be normal but in specific disease processes, distinct abnormal patterns may be generated indicating seizure or tendency to have a seizure.
A routine EEG recording lasts about an hour with preparation time lasting about the first 20 minutes of that hour. The procedure is painless but requires patience. The electrodes are placed on the scalp with a conductive gel or paste, usually after preparing the scalp area with a light skin prep gel to reduce artifact. During the recording, activation procedures are used that may induce abnormal activity that might not otherwise be seen. These procedures include fast breathing also known as hyperventilation (HV), photic-stimulation (flashing a strobe light in front of the eyes), eye closure, mental activity, and sleep deprivation (lack of sleep).
The main application of the EEG is in the diagnosis and monitoring of epilepsy but is also used in the diagnosis of patients who are suspected of having various problems which may be non-epileptic in nature, including neurological problems (brain tumors, strokes, degenerative, metabolic or toxic brain disorders or infections), psychiatric disorders and movement disorders.
A seizure can mimic many disorders simply because depending on where in the brain the abnormal electrical discharges are occurring, an individual will present with symptoms related to the functioning of that area, which means that any sudden, unexpected change in behavior be it motor, sensory (touch, vision or hearing), learning, psychic or emotional can be due to seizure.
Imagine your baby developing sudden jerky movements, your child suddenly and unexpectedly passing out, your spouse having staring episodes and ignoring you, a sudden drop in academic performance or strange bizarre behavior in grandmother.
These may all be due to various problems but can all be caused by seizure activity.
Although EEGs are designed to assist in diagnosis and monitoring of treatment of seizures it is extremely useful in eliminating non-epileptic events. There are different types of EEGs with use in different situations such as:
o Routine EEG: A 20 to 40 minute recording of the resting brain activity performed while the patient is awake, drowsy and/or asleep. Total testing time is one to 1.5 hours.
o Sleep-deprived EEG: An EEG that is also recorded for approximately 30 to 45 minutes, after the patient has been deprived of sleep for at least 24 hours.
o Prolonged EEG: A one to five hour extended EEG recording is used specifically to capture typical episodes that are concerning such as unusual occurrences such as jerks, twitching, bedwetting, staring, uncontrollable shaking, drooling from the mouth or strange behavior. This type of EEG can be extended to days if necessary provided episodes are occurring frequently enough and there is a good chance of capturing it while brain waves are being recorded.
o Video EEG: An EEG recorded while the patient is being filmed. This provides clear correlation of the physical and brain activity. If there is an unusual occurrence such as staring or body movements, we can evaluate the brain function and the video in real time, to see if there is any correlation.
o Ambulatory EEG: A 24 to 48 hour EEG recording which can be extended for much longer, in which the patient wears a monitor at home. The ambulatory EEG unit is a small piece of equipment that is connected to the scalp electrodes and brain waves continuously. This is similar to the Holter monitor used by cardiologists to record heart beats when suspecting heart problems. The ambulatory EEG allows for complete mobility of the patient and is used to evaluate episodes that are frequent or that may occur in specific environments. It can also be used to monitor medication effects and behavior changes. It cannot however be taken into the shower. A routine EEG must precede this study.
If you or a family member develops a sudden, unexpected event and believe that a seizure is a possibility then discuss with your doctor about obtaining the appropriate EEG. Accurate diagnosis is essential for appropriate treatment and despite misconceptions by the general public that modern tests (such as MRI and CT scans) reveal everything any good doctor will tell you that accurate diagnosis is based predominantly on a thorough history and a good clinical examination. Tests are tools utilized to help to either confirm or negate the clinical diagnosis and should never be applied in a shotgun approach, which is neither efficient nor cost-effective.
EEGs are very cost-effective when considering that if the wrong diagnosis is made, this can mean that an individual is placed on unnecessary medications for years with possible side effects or alternatively not placed on appropriate seizure medication and is at risk for catastrophic events. Remember that seizures can indeed kill.
o Arona Aranha is an EEG technician.
By NOELLE NICOLLS
Tribune Staff Reporter
SUPPORTERS of Philip "Brave" Davis, deputy leader of the Progressive Liberal Party, made a strong showing at yesterday's mass demonstration protesting the government's sale of BTC to Cable and Wireless Communications.
A large contingent of PLP youth arrived at the demonstration together. They brought life-sized "Be Brave" posters to the demonstration and wore custom-made designer "unity shirts."
The shirts were printed with the phrase "Yah ROEH", a Hebrew reference to "a shepherd", according to one protester.
Another protester said he did not know the translation for the ...
Marvel canít seem to do any wrong with its movies these days, save for a Spider-Man that shouldnít have been. Furthering the growth of expectation for The Avengers, Thor does its best in introducing the character to cinema-goers.
Thor is one of the Marvel characters that Iíve always wanted to get into but never really got the opportunity to. His translation to film was a pretty decent one, Chris Hemsworth seemed like he was literally born to play the role.
The movie plays out between two worlds, Earth and Asgard. On Earth the
At a commercial bank a woman in her 20s pulled into a parking space clearly reserved for the disabled. When told it was a handicapped spot, she breezily responded, "I know," sauntering into the bank, leaving two toddlers in the car who should not have been left unaccompanied.
She knew that parking in the handicapped spot was illegal. She didn't care. It suited her convenience.
Near the Mall at Marathon a man made a slow and illegal U-turn. The turn was slow because he was chatting on his cell, with one hand on the steering wheel and the other one glued to his telephone.
At a fast food outlet, while standing on line to be served following a swim at the beach, a young woman in her 20s loudly asked her teenage female friend whether she had washed her genitals, using colorful language referencing the female genitals.
While quite a number of the motorists on New Providence are considerate, a large number treat the roadways and parking spaces as their personal space, self-absorbed and indifferent to the needs of fellow motorists.
Many haphazardly pull into parking spaces in a manner which blocks another motorist from also parking. Others pull into spaces clearly marked "no parking".
The self-absorbed excuse often used to justify such selfishness and blatant disregard: "I'll be right back." Translation: "To hell with you, this suits my convenience." And, "My needs are more important than yours."
Watch for it: Most people drive the way they think. Most of the road rage is not by considerate drivers. Watch also how other shoppers maneuver their carts through a grocery story. Some ensure that they are not blocking others while some invariably obliviously block the aisles as if they are alone in the store.
At a popular grocery store, a young man left his trolley in the middle of the aisle with no care as to needs of other shoppers. At the checkout, instead of politely pushing his trolley through, he abandoned it in front of the cashier's stand, waiting for someone else to return the cart he used.
What do these and other stories of incivility, public rudeness and self-absorbed habits suggest? Here's another case to consider.
Go to Queen Street downtown and observe Bahamians lined up to get a U.S. visa. The line is orderly, there is little noise and Bahamians are on their best behavior. Why is this? Context and group norms matter, as well as social rewards and sanctions, more of which later.
A dear friend's sister who saw two of her students on the line, remarked at how well-behaved they were, somewhat in contrast to how they sometimes act when in class. Their response: "We know how to behave."
Why do many of the same people who blatantly disregard various civilities at home, near instantly observe such civilities when overseas? What is the switching mechanism in which we can turn on and off certain kinds of behavior depending on the social context?
The introduction of seat belt laws took quite some time with successive governments worried about the backlash from a large number of Bahamians. Yet many of these same people quickly buckled-up when they traveled to the U.S.
Though a good number of Bahamians still refuse to wear seat belts or wear them intermittently, the police, charged to help monitor compliance with the new law, were surprised at how quickly a large number of Bahamians were buckling-up.
Bahamians are by and large not cigarette smokers, though there is a troubling push to market locally assembled cigarettes to the public, promoting it as fashionable.
We have largely eschewed smoking as a social habit, which speaks to the power of group norms in positively or negatively sanctioning various habits. We are however, heavy drinkers.
Long Island is a telling study in social norms. In contrast to many government-operated high schools in New Providence and various Family Islands, there is an expectation that students will graduate with a diploma and with a certain minimum grade point average.
It isn't just a matter of classroom sizes. Schools in the Family Islands with small classroom numbers often do not do as well as the Long Island schools.
Long Islanders - parents, teachers, staff and the wider community - expect their school children to graduate. There is also peer pressure not to be left behind. It is unfashionable to leave school without a diploma.
Yet here on New Providence, in the government-operated school system, there is little to no stigma attached to a low grade point average or failing to leave school with a diploma.
A friend tells of attending various social occasions at Long Island with residents usually standing in line waiting their turn to be served, noting that at New Providence and various other islands there might be chaos and line-jumping.
When walking into a bank or office Bahamians routinely say, "Good morning" or "Good afternoon", a civility which appears not to have lost social currency.
Why do we observe some civilities, norms and mores while ignoring others? The proximate answer has to do with what is tolerated. At the same grocery store referenced earlier there is an area at the front of the store on the outside clearly marked "no parking".
Those inconsiderate shoppers too lazy to park in properly designated spots flout the sign partly because they know that there will be no consequence for their actions. Security personnel at this and other businesses routinely fail to ask those parked illegally to remove their vehicles.
Meanwhile a friend told me that he will never park his car in the lower lot of the main post office and go off to do errands downtown. After his car was twice towed he got the message.
The reality is that many of us often know better. But we are often slack and uncivil and inconsiderate at home because we like it so and more importantly we can get away with such inconsideration with little to no consequence for our poor behavior.
o email@example.com, www.bahamapundit.com.