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News Article
The use of EMG and NCS in neurological disorders

EMG (Electromyography) is the study of electrical activity of the muscles. NCS (Nerve Conduction Study) is the study of electrical activity of nerves. When combined these tests provide a very effective tool in the diagnosing of neurological disorders. MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging), CAT (Computed Axial Tomography) Scans and X-rays are diagnostic tests that look for structural abnormalities in specific body parts. While determining if there is structural damage, these radiology tests cannot determine if the structures are functioning, or how these structures are affecting nerves and muscles, or if they themselves are being affected by the abnormal functioning of nerves or muscles. EMG/NCS is extremely helpful whenever there is possibility of nerve or muscle damage.
The study is conducted in two parts. The NCS is usually performed first by the neurodiagnostic technologist, who test the nerves by applying surface recording electrodes over various muscles or nerves on different parts of the body (e.g. hands, arms, legs and feet). The technologist then stimulates various nerves by using a probe/stimulating electrode that provides a small electrical current to the nerve, which is then measured and recorded. This small electrical stimulus can be compared to the sensation of a static shock felt from rubbing your body on a carpet or touching a refrigerator. The speed, shape, height and pattern of the electrical response of the nerves provides information on whether or not the nerves are injured and where the injury is located.
The second part of study is usually performed by a physician with specialized training in Neurophysiology/Neurodiagnostics after reviewing the NCS. The physician uses a small recording needle electrode, very similar in size to an acupuncture needle, which he inserts through the skin into various muscles that receive nerve supply from different nerves or spinal nerve roots. The needle electrode is connected to a machine, with an oscilloscope that records the electrical activity. This electrical activity also generates sounds that allows the doctor to both listen and see the electrical activity of the muscles at rest and during muscle contraction. While some find it uncomfortable, the more relaxed the patient is, the easier it is to tolerate the needle exam.
The entire study is then analyzed by the physician trained in neurophysiology who generates a comprehensive report, presenting objective findings and stating if the study is normal or abnormal and if possible, the likely site(s) of the injury.
This study looks very specifically at muscles and nerves. Some of the more common medical conditions which benefit from EMG/NCS testing include carpal tunnel syndrome, cervical radiculopathy (pinched nerve in the neck), low back pain, spinal injury, sciatica, traumatic nerve injury (e.g. gunshot or motor vehicle accidents) along with numbness and tingling of the feet. Some more severe but not as common conditions include ALS (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis), Myopathy (muscle disease which can be congenital or acquired) and Guillain-Barre syndrome to name a few.
The EMG/NCS has been and continues to be a very important diagnostic test that helps in the management of neurological disorders to not only diagnose, but also to evaluate the effectiveness of various treatment options.
o Michael A. Morris is a neurodiagnostic technologist with 25 years in the field, who has training in EEG, Evoked Potentials, IOM and NCS. He became an American board-certified EDT (Electro-Diagnostic Technologist) in 1995. He relocated from Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit, Michigan in 2000. He is the Neurodiagnostic lab manager at the Bahamas Neurological Center.

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News Article
Protect your feet during the summer

As we enjoy the long hot summer, we think only of long strolls on the beach and the feel of sand through our toes. We never think of the dangers that might be lurking outside with all that sun, sand and sea. From playing sports on the beach and swimming, to walking in sandals or open-toed shoes, many summer activities put persons at risk for foot injuries and infections. These can be even more serious for persons with diabetes. Here are some simple tips as to how to protect your feet and prevent injuries, so you can stay on the beach and safely enjoy your summer outdoors.
o Do not walk barefoot. Walking bare foot puts your feet at risk for many injuries and infections including punctures, sunburn, as well as microorganisms that cause plantar warts, athlete's foot, ringworm, and other infections. Something as minor as stubbing a toe on a coffee table or bumping a soccer ball at the park can lead to a serious foot ulcer.
While at the beach, seashells, sharp stones, glass or other debris from the ocean can puncture the skin and cause serious infections that can be made worse by diabetes. Walking barefoot on the hot pavement is especially dangerous and can lead to severe burns. To prevent injuries and protect your feet, always wear closed-toe beach shoes or sandals everywhere, including around the pool, to the beach, in the locker room and even when walking on carpeting or in the bathroom of your hotel room.
Some activities or sports at the beach may require different types of footwear to be worn. Always wear the shoes designed for each activity. To be safe, pack an extra pair of sneakers or protective water shoes. If your shoes get wet, they should be dried out completely before you wear them again to prevent bacterial or fungal infections.
o Use sunscreen on your feet. Spending long hours in the sun can expose your feet to harmful rays that increase your risk of sun burns and skin cancer. Your feet are just as much at risk for skin cancer as the rest of your body. However, according to the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons, persons often do not apply sunscreen to their feet when they apply sunscreen to the rest of their body. Many don't realize skin cancer can occur on the feet from unprotected sun exposure, and not applying sunscreen to the area. Skin cancer on the foot, including squamous or basal cell carcinoma and melanoma often go unnoticed because people don't check their feet as diligently as they check other body parts. To lessen your risk for sunburns and skin cancer, remember to apply sunscreen all over your feet, especially on the top and front of ankles, and even the toes. Don't forget to reapply after you've been in the pool or sea.
o Stay hydrated. Drink plenty of water throughout the day while you are in the sun or on the beach. This will not only help with overall health, but will also minimize any foot swelling caused by the heat.
oExercise your feet. Even though you may be on vacation or enjoying the summer, continue your exercise routine or at least get some activity. While sitting you can keep the blood flowing in your feet with periodic ankle flexes, toe wiggles and calf stretches.
o Inspect your feet daily, especially during the summer. Inspect your feet every day before putting on your shoes and after taking them off. If you are not flexible enough to see underneath your feet, using a mirror can be helpful. Check the sides of your feet, between the toes and at the heel. Diabetics should always inspect the inside of the shoe before putting them on for debris that may rub and injure their feet. Even a small pebble or sand can create a sore that may not cause pain, but can lead to a more serious ulcer or infection if not treated promptly.
o In case of minor foot complaints, be prepared with handy on-the-go foot care supplies to care for your foot. These may include sandals to wear by the pool, spa, in the hotel room or even airport security check points; sterile bandages, for covering minor cuts and scrapes; antibiotic cream which can be used to treat any skin injury; moisturizing cream or lotion, to hydrate feet; blister pads or moleskin, to protect against blisters; Anti-inflammatories to ease tired, swollen feet; Toenail clippers to keep toenails trimmed; Emery board to file rough edges or broken nails; Pumice stone to soften callused skin; Sunscreen to protect against the scorching sun and aloe vera or silvadene cream to relieve sunburns.
Following these simple tips can help protect your feet from the heat and prevent injury to your feet, allowing you to have an enjoyable and uneventful time at the beach. If you injure your foot or ankle while on vacation or at the beach, seek professional medical attention from a podiatrists right away. The earlier injuries are treated the faster they can heal and prevent more serious complications.

o For more information, email me at foothealth242@gmail.com or visit www.apma.org or www.foothealth.org. To see a podiatrist, visit Bahamas Foot Centre on Rosetta Street or call 325-2996 or visit Bahamas Surgical Associates on Albury Lane or call 394-5820 for an appointment.

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News Article
When lupus strikes

Prior to 1999, Renee Dean had never even heard of the word lupus -- she did not even know that there was such a disease. So the day she visited the doctor because she was feeling under the weather, she thought she was suffering with the flu. That doctor prescribed medication that did not seem to improve her situation. Finally, frustrated with the fine bumps on her back that kept itching and from which she could get no relief, she went to see a skin doctor. After a battery of blood tests, she was told she had lupus. It was the first time Dean had ever heard the word and found out that it was a disease.
Lupus is a chronic inflammatory disease that occurs when the body's immune system attacks its own tissues and organs. It can be difficult to diagnose because its signs and symptoms often mimic those of other ailments. The most distinctive sign of lupus is the facial rash that resembles the wings of a butterfly unfolding across both cheeks. Some people are born with a tendency toward developing lupus, which may be triggered by infections, certain drugs or even sunlight. While there's no cure for lupus, treatments can help control symptoms.
Shortly after Dean's diagnosis in early 2000, she was hospitalized for the first time for approximately nine days. To this day she says she can't recall exactly what happened. She says she only knows what people have told her, and that it has not been good at all.
"It was like I was out of my mind or something, so I think they had me heavily sedated," said Dean.
The last time she was hospitalized for a flare-up was in 2008 as she suffered with severe leg pain.
No two cases of lupus are exactly alike. Signs and symptoms may come on suddenly or develop slowly. They may be mild or severe and may be temporary or permanent. Most people with lupus have mild disease, characterized by episodes called flares, when signs and symptoms get worse for a while, then improve or even disappear completely for a time.
Dean says she is currently in remission. She has not had a flare since her 2008 episode.
The one downside to her lupus diagnosis was that she was told not to get pregnant because of the risk -- she could either lose her life or her child. Dean does not have any children. With the world recently celebrating Mother's Day, being childless is something she says she has accepted. And she says having lupus isn't the only reason she is not a mother.
"I've always said I don't want to have children unless I'm married ... and I'm not married, so it doesn't affect me a whole lot -- not now," said the 42-year-old.
Signs and symptoms of lupus depend on the body symptoms affected by the disease. Symptoms include fatigue and fever; joint pain, stiffness and swelling; butterfly-shaped rash on the face that covers the cheeks and bridge of the nose; skin lesions that appear or worsen with sun exposure; fingers and toes that run white or blue when exposed to cold or during stressful periods; shortness of breath; chest pain; dry eyes; headaches; confusion or memory loss.
"The flare-ups happen whenever they happen," she said. "You can look at someone today and say nothing's wrong with them and the next day you can see them totally different [and] in a lot of pain."
Dean who is naturally slim and who normally tips the scale at around 135 pounds said she lost weight during her flare. The needle on the scale dipped below 100 pounds.
"For me to wear my clothes I would have to wear like four pants to keep the main pants up," she said.
For the past 14 years, Dean has been taking five different medications -- some she takes once a day, others she takes twice daily in her fight against the disease. While she's comes to terms with lupus, the one thing she says she's certain of, it's that she is sick and tired of taking all the medication that she does.
"It's tiresome," she said. "Some days if I miss when I'm supposed to take it (medication) I don't worry about it, I take it the next day."
As she looks to her future her hope is that one day a cure is found or that one day she goes to the doctor and is told that her lupus is "all gone".
And Dean says it's her trust in God that has helped bring her through the last 13 years living with lupus.
"Even when they told me [I had lupus] I was calm straight through because I said I can't change the situation there's nothing I could do about it, so I just accepted it and trust and believe in God. I have had great support from family and coworkers and that too has helped me," she said.
During the month of May Bahamians will join millions around the world to raise awareness for lupus. Nassau-based support group, Lupus 242, is leading the way with events planned to educate locals about the debilitating disease affecting many people living in The Bahamas.
An estimated 5.5 million persons globally live with the chronic autoimmune disease brought on by genetics, environment and hormonal imbalances in the body. There are no real statistics on the number of persons in The Bahamas with lupus. In addition to raising awareness, Lupus 242 is working to establish a local database of lupus patients.
"May is Lupus Awareness Month and we are appealing to the general public and to corporate Bahamas to support our events and activities," said Shanelle Brennen, Lupus 242 president and a lupus fighter for more than 20 years. "It's amazing the amount of Bahamians who are suffering in silence. We want to provide them with much needed support through events and through our monthly meetings. Lupus is not an easy illness to live with, but there is hope," she said.
Since Lupus 242 launched in April 2012, persons throughout The Bahamas have reached out to share their stories on how lupus has impacted their lives. In addition to the events, the group is also releasing a public service announcement entitled "But You Don't Look Sick" and will be selling wristbands and bumper stickers to the general public.
Dean is appreciative of the Lupus 242 group -- a group that she says has interesting and informative meetings.
"The have different health persons come in and talk to us. And just to know different people that have lupus is good. Since I've been with Lupus 242 I haven't been sick, but it's a good support," said Dean.
LUPUS 242 CALENDAR OF EVENTS
Monday, May 20
9:30 a.m. - Hope Floats Balloon Release ceremony in honor of lives lost to lupus at the top of Fort Charlotte.
Sunday, May 26
3 p.m. - A Purple Hat Tea Party Affair at St. Matthew's Parish Hall.

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News Article
Purse demands stalling pro boxing activities

Boxing fans, for over three years now have been starved of professional activity in the country. The professional side of boxing is indeed dormant. What are the reasons?
Firstly, the market is a big problem. The economy is such that promoters face an uphill battle in getting gates that would enable them to at least break even. Funds are just not in abundance for fans to be able to budget $20 and upwards just for a single ticket.
What adds to the problem for promoters however are the outrageous purse demands of boxers.
I will use one example to make the point. It is my understanding that a former top rated boxer who has not won a fight in four years, is asking for $10,000.00 as his purse alone. Now this is totally ridiculous.
You haven't been victorious in over four years.
Your market value has plummeted.
You never really packed them in even when at your best and now wish to have a promoter come up with $10,000 in the present market?
Bahamian observers of the sporting scene need to be aware of such requests that are not realistic.
How could a fighter possibly think about asking for more money than he ever made for a single fight? This is one of the difficulties promoters face. There are several of them who want badly to put shows on. They have communicated with the Bahamas Boxing Commission and are comfortable with the terms and conditions given for an endorsement.
They are ready to go.
There are quality Bahamian boxers like Taureano Johnson, Ryan McKenzie and Meacher Major, who are reasonable and very interested in performing in The Bahamas. They could be matched up with local-based fighters, but the purses being asked for, just can't work in this market.
I told a prospective promoter, businessman Tommy Stubbs of Buttons Formal Wear, who has been trying to make a certain match, that one of the boxers in question just does not want to fight. Within his heart, he probably feels that another defeat will be the result, so the big demand of $10,000 is the cover for fear.
Nevertheless, the promoter indicated that he would work around that particular scenario and get into the promotion of boxing shows nevertheless. Stubbs has presented the Bahamas Boxing Commission with a good-looking plan and his timetable is for early 2014.
So, it appears that pro boxing will come alive again.
It's a grand sport that has great history here in The Bahamas.
Best wishes Tommy!

o To respond to this column, kindly contact Fred Sturrup at sturrup1504@gmail.com.

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News Article
Security officer shot outside bank

A security officer was shot outside Royal Bank of Canada FINCO during an armed robbery on Saturday, police reported.
Police were searching for three men believed to be responsible for the robbery and shooting, which occurred around 9:45 a.m. at the Carmichael Road branch.
The 54-year-old victim was making a deposit at the bank when three men in a champagne-colored Honda Inspire pulled up alongside him.
One of the men reportedly exited the car and robbed the security officer of an undetermined amount of cash before shooting him.
The victim was transported to hospital, where his condition was listed as serious.
In other news, police were searching for a man believed to be responsible for another armed robbery on Saturday night.
Police said the suspect, who is described as light-skinned, robbed a woman of her white 2005 Honda Accord around 7 p.m. in the parking lot of a business establishment on Carmichael Road.
It is unclear whether the two armed robberies are connected.
Police have appealed to the public to provide any information on either incident.
Armed robberies have dominated crime reports in the last several weeks, with some of them resulting in victims being shot.
Officers of the Central Division arrested 52 people between 6 p.m. on Friday and 2 a.m. on Saturday during operation 'Dusk to Dawn'.
The significant arrests were in connection with armed robberies and outstanding warrants of arrest, police said.

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News Article
Lessons to learn and practices to unlearn from Haiti and its revolution

The small Republic of Haiti has given three important lessons to the entire world.
Two centuries ago, it taught the world that taking arms to defend the dignity of all human beings irrespective of their skin color is invaluable. Haiti sets out the motto that, "The right to equality is the right of all human beings to be equal in dignity, to be treated with respect and to participate in an equal basis with others in all perimeters of economic, social, political, cultural and civil life."
After some 300 years of the world order of slavery imposed upon the black man, Haiti succeeded in 1804 in forcing the liberation of the slaves, opening the doors to the liberation of slaves in Latin America in 1825 and the black emancipation in the United States in 1863.
One generation ago, on February 7, 1986, Haiti again was first to teach the world that dictatorship could be dismantled with people power. It forced Jean Claude Duvalier, the dictator who, along with his father, ruled Haiti ruthlessly for 33 years, to depart in the middle of the night to exile in France. The model has been followed by the Philippines to kick out Marcos, by Poland and countless other countries including, recently, the Arab nations under the spring upheaval or the Lavender Revolution.
Last but not least, Haiti was first again to teach the world that radicalism in power could also be dismantled through people power. It forced Jean Bertrand Aristide to leave the country for Africa on February 29, 2004, for stirring violence amongst the civilian population.
We are seeing today people power in action in Egypt, where millions of Egyptians forced the army to step in to remove the current president Mohamed Morsi, under the charge that his radicalism fosters national disunity amongst its people.
It is the story of Haiti repeated all over again when, in the same circumstances, some nine years ago the country forced President Jean Bertrand Aristide to leave Haiti because he was fostering internal strife and civil warfare amongst the have and the have-nots.
While the world should learn from Haiti the bravura of its gallant people in dismantling slavery, dictatorship and radicalism, it should also unlearn from Haiti the detested practice of not promoting national reconciliation at the end of the revolutionary period. Soon after the proclamation of the first black republic in the Western Hemisphere, its general president ordered the elimination of all the previously white colonists. Haiti never recovered from that policy.
In 1986, after the forced departure of the dictator Duvalier, the Haitian Constitution enshrined a ban of 20 years against the zealous Duvalier partisans. Haiti is still suffering from the convulsion of that period. And last but not least, after the departure of Aristide, it did not promote nor did it implement social welfare and wealth creation for the wretched of the land. As such, to this day the ghost of a so-called benevolent Aristide is still lingering around amongst the masses.
The lesson is clear and simple. Peace, harmony and prosperity in a nation depend on whether the opposing factions are willing to break bread together, to forget the past and to build the future together. This policy practice is not promoted by the human rights organizations or by the United Nations that insisted on the primacy of justice over the primacy of reconciliation, pardon and love for each other.
History has proven that justice has never occurred even in the best circumstances. The International Court of Justice has few success stories on its roster; as such one should concentrate on fostering national reconciliation as the best chosen path to democracy.
Haiti under Toussaint Louverture was the model that the entire world wanted to emulate. John Adams, the second president of the United States, was so enamored of the First of the Blacks that he was openly helping him to become emperor of Haiti then St. Domingue. Louverture, after defeating first Spain, then England and last the French, established the seedling of a nation where white and blacks would share the vision of a common destiny.
The defeat of John Adams in his quest for re-election in 1800 in the United States thwarted the Haitian experience and changed the course of history not only for Haiti but also for the entire humanity. Napoleon and his egomaniac ambition to conquer the world found a fertile ally in Thomas Jefferson, who won the American presidency over John Adams.
Two hundred years later, the Napoleon doctrine of striking first and worrying about the consequences later is the preferred law in this world. Little funding is earmarked for promoting national reconciliation, whether the funds would come from the United Nations, the United States or the European Union. Billions are being spent in the name of political stabilization but with zero funding earmarked for conflict resolution, negotiation and nation building.
The initial lesson from Haiti is very telling. The concept of human rights must include all the citizens of the same nation aspiring to dignity and participating in all aspects of social, economical and political life of the country. It is also the duty of the citizens to butt out all dictators and radicals, whether they are of the stuff of Attila the Hun, or Hitler or Morsi.
The lesson to unlearn from Haiti is that reconciliation must take place immediately after the departure of the dictator or the radical leader. There should be no reprisals and the moving party in promoting peace and reconciliation must be the winner of the revolution. Abraham Lincoln showed the way after the Civil War in proclaiming what Frederick Douglas called the second sermon on the mount: "With malice toward none, with charity for all" we shall reconstruct this land. This spirit of respect is the best way in any age to foster reconciliation through open and healing intercourse.
From now on, the business of peace and reconciliation is too grave and too important to leave only to the governments. The learned citizens of the world must devise ways to offer to governments and to the opposing factions the necessary tools and funds and expertise to come to the negotiation table. The unfolding story in Egypt can become another imbroglio as it was in Haiti, where peace and prosperity did not take place even after some 30 years after the last uprising; or it can become a soothing lavender flower that sends its balm not only throughout the Middle East but throughout the world.
Caveat emptor, Egypt! If you do not make peace and embrace your brethren from the Muslim Brotherhood you might become the Haiti of tomorrow, with convulsion, strife and poverty for generations!

o Jean H. Charles LLB, MSW, JD is a syndicated columnist with Caribbean News Now. He can be reached at jeanhcharles@aol.com and followed for past essays at caribbeannewsnow/haiti. Published with the permission of caribbeannewsnow.com.

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News Article
Stubbs death penalty ruling next Wednesday

The penalty phase of the Stephen "Die" Stubbs trial will come to an end on Wednesday when a judge sentences him and two others.
Prosecutors are seeking the death penalty for Stubbs, Andrew "Yogi" Davis, and Clinton "Russ" Evans for the 1999 murder of Constable Jimmy Ambrose at the now-closed Club Rock Disco.
The men were convicted of the offense in 2001 when the death penalty was automatically imposed for murder. However, that conviction and sentence were quashed on appeal in 2004.
They were convicted in July at a retrial.
Yesterday, Director of Public Prosecutions Vinette Graham-Allen once again defended the prosecution's failure to comply with sentencing guidelines by giving notice of their intention to seek the death penalty.
Defense lawyers Murrio Ducille, for Stubbs, Ian Cargill, for Davis, and Romona Farquharson, for Evans, complained that Graham-Allen was re-arguing an issue although the court had already ruled that the prosecution failed to follow established procedure.
Assistant prosecutor Ambrose Ambrister then argued the convicts' failure to show remorse demonstrated that they could not be reformed.
After a series of objections that were overruled by Justice Roy Jones, the lawyers abruptly left the courtroom without seeking leave of the judge.
Graham-Allen said the lawyers' actions were in breach of the professional code of conduct.
Jones said, "No one said anything to me."
Graham-Allen said she wanted the incident to be placed on the record.
Jones adjourned the matter for 15 minutes after asking the convicts if they wished to proceed in the absence of their lawyers.
None of them agreed to the matter continuing without their lawyers present.
Ambrister said the case was an extreme and exceptional case of murder. He said fortunately only one life was lost as the men wantonly opened fire in a public place.
However, the defense lawyers countered that at the time of the incident it was not obvious that Ambrose was a policeman because he was not in uniform.
They said Ambrose's death was a routine murder that did not meet the criterion of the "worst of the worst" that is required by the Privy Council for the imposition of the death penalty.
They noted that the Privy Council did not find that a man who decapitated another man during an armed robbery and then threw his head in a ditch met the standard of the worst of the worst.

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News Article
Man wanted for questioning

POLICE are asking the public to help them locate 35-year-old Timothy Stubbs of Garden Hills, who they want to question in a stealing and death threat case.

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News Article
FNMs have to eat too

Dear Editor,
I was shocked after reading senior journalist and the recently-appointed Bahamas press attache to Washington D.C. Oswald Brown's Facebook message to Andrew Burrows of the Broadcasting Corporation of The Bahamas (BCB).
Burrows, who is the executive news director at ZNS, was admonished by Oswald Brown to fire FNM operatives at the state-owned corporation for allegedly undermining the Christie government.
I hope Burrows and BCB Chairman the Rev. Dr. William Thompson ignore Brown's heartless advice. Brown was suddenly retired from a major newspaper organization in early 2010 or thereabouts and blamed it on then Prime Minister Hubert Ingraham and former FNM Minister of State for Finance Zhivargo Laing.
Laing to this day denies that he had anything to do with Brown's dismissal. We must bear in mind that Brown is 71 years old. He was born in 1942. He used to support the PLP in the 1960s but left the party around the same time the Dissident Eight broke away from the PLP. For years he claimed to be FNM, but turned against the party after retiring from the said newspaper.
When he was retired in 2010 he was well past the retirement age. Despite him surpassing the Biblical allotted three scores and ten, and despite the sheer number of young, strapping PLP journalists out there who are more than qualified for the post Brown was given, and despite probably receiving a decent pension and retirement package, the Christie government still went ahead and hired him as press attache to Washington D.C.
Between 2010 and May 2012, Brown was relentless in his criticism against the FNM government for allegedly victimizing him. Now that the PLP is in power, Brown, out of sheer bitterness, is seeking to do the very thing he falsely accused Ingraham of doing to him.
He doesn't seem to care that the alleged FNM operative at ZNS might have young children to feed and mortgage payments to make. This is the same man who attends Mass regularly and considers himself to be a devout Christian. Yet, he's asking ZNS executives to take bread out of the mouths of Bahamians at a time when jobs are few and far between in this country.
Brown and others like him need to know that Perry Christie is prime minister of all Bahamians, not just PLPs. FNMs pay taxes also. I resent the fact that the tax dollars of FNMs are also being used to pay his hefty salary. Seeing that ZNS is subsidized by the Bahamian people, I am asking ZNS executives to ignore Brown's tit-for-tat request to harm FNM employees at the corporation.
FNMs have to eat too, not just PLPs like Oswald Brown.
-- Kevin Evans

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News Article
Live 2 dance

They may not have the years of dance experience as many of the kids that they went up against, but for six kids from The Bahamas and Nonny Cartwright's Live 2 Dance studio, their results at a recent international competition have shown them that they are on par with their counterparts. And that if dance is something they want to do with their lives, the opportunity is there to do it.
Stemarciae 'Suggy' Bain, Daniella Macre, Beth Macre, Jacob Cartwright, Charlotte Nevins and Christa Russell who range between ages of seven through 12, returned home with an armload of awards from the Star Quest dance competition in Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, at the Broward Community College.
Jacob and Beth's tap duet in the age seven category, earned them the highest honor of the group -- a platinum award. The judges also awarded the duo the Prom King and Queen award. Jacob and Beth also achieved third place overall of all the duets and trios in their division. And they weren't finished yet, they also carted home a Fusion award, which is awarded to the routine the judges feel had the overall best fusion of choreography, technical execution, articulation, musicality, costume and performance quality.
The six-man group performed a jazz dance together and achieved a high gold award. They were also awarded a judges choice award for the most well rehearsed routine. The tap group achieved a high gold award as well as fifth place overall finish in their age division of more than 100 groups.
Daniella's jazz solo performance achieved her a high gold award. She was given the judges choice award for "Born To Dance" as well. Christa performed a tap solo and also received a high gold. She placed 10th overall in her division of over 150 kids.
Cartwright, the owner of Live 2 Dance and her students shed tears as the results rolled in. They went to the competition thinking they would do okay, but they did not expect to do as well as they did.
"We were all completely shocked," said Cartwright of the results. "To see them (students) crying with tears of joy ... they were ecstatic."
Cartwright's main goal in taking the children to the competition was to expose them to the wider world of dance and to show them that it's an art that is supported.
"Everyone wants their child to have a more secure job, so my goal with the kids was to have them go away and see there are so many other people that are trying to achieve the dream of becoming a professional dancer. I found a competition I felt I could take them to and they would be able to compete in a friendly environment and make friends in the dance community and be exposed to other dancers and be inspired by them. Since I've only been open since September 2011, my kids haven't had a whole lot of training under their belt, so it was a way for them to see other dancers that have been training for several years and become inspired," she said.
Cartwright chose the six students for the competition because she felt they could handle her being tough with them considering the short amount of time in which they had to prepare for the competition, as compared to them just going to class and doing their normal class routines.
"I knew I could really push these six, and they wouldn't get upset if I yelled at them and that type of thing," she said.
The dance instructor is hoping the showing by this group inspires their peers at the studio to work just as hard so that they too can be in the group.
The points the students received at the Star Quest competition was more than enough to get them an invitation to the World Finals in Virginia Beach, Virginia, July 14-21. At World Finals they will perform the same routines again, but the competition will be tougher at that level.
"They understand that and are ready and willing to go and give it their best shot," said Cartwright.
After taking six of her students off to an international competition and seeing them do well, words almost failed her.
"The way that I feel now being able to watch my students go on stage and perform what they've learned from me ... nothing can compare to that on any level. It's absolutely the best feeling I've ever had," she said.
The Live 2 Dance students will perform their end-of-year recital on June 15 at the Rainforest Theatre at the Wyndham. After that they will step up their training daily in preparation for the Virginia competition.
And Cartwright herself knows exactly what it takes to make it in the world of dance. She started dancing at the age of three in Uniontown, Pennsylvania, dancing throughout high school and earning a bachelor's degree in dance from Point Park University in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. She moved to Los Angeles where she achieved success. She's danced in the Austin Powers
movies; danced in commercials for Taco Bell, Gap and American Express. She also did Lou Bega's "Mambo Number 5." But she says her biggest achievement was being signed on as the full-time choreographer for American pop star Aaron Carter. Cartwright began dancing on tour for Carter when he was nine years old. By the time he was 11, she was signed on as his full-time choreographer and choreographed three of his world tours and all of the music videos for four of his albums. She toured for years with Cher and has danced on the Grammy Awards and the Kid's Choice Awards. She's also performed on Ellen DeGeneres' and Jay Leno's talk shows.
Cartwright brought her dance expertise to The Bahamas after she met and fell in love with a Bahamian, Robert Cartwright, who she met while in The Bahamas choreographing for the Michael Jordan Golf Tournament show. They engaged in a long distance relationship between The Bahamas and Los Angeles for a year before she decided to hang it up professionally and move to The Bahamas and marry him. She had been looking forward to teaching, but she credits her husband with convincing her to open her studio in September 2011 in the Shirley Street Plaza.
Results
Top Classic Junior Solo
1st place - Andrea Pombo Calderin - "Time To Say Goodbye" - Just Dance It!
2nd place - Angelica Manduley - "Rabbit Tango" - Dance Unlimited
3rd place - Lauren Morris - "Stupid Cupid" - Dance Unlimited
4th place - Gabriella C. Gonzalez - "Hound Dog" - Dance Unlimited
5th place - Maria Sol Garcia - "Fly" - Dance Unlimited
6th place - Carolina Rionda - "Le Jazz Hot" - Dance Unlimited
7th place - Ruby Alvarado - "Paper Skin" - Miami Dance Company
8th place - Trini Grinspan - "Against All Odds" - Just Dance It!
9th place - Samantha Gutierrez - "Show Off" - Miami Dance Company
10th place - Christa Russell - "Tightrope" - Live 2 Dance - Nassau, Bahamas
Top Classic Petite Duet/Trio
1st place - "My Favorite Things" - ABC Dance Studio - Jussara Zerbino, Juliana Zerbino
2nd place - "Remember Me" - Dance Unlimited - Jossie Stern
3rd place - "Brokenhearted" - Live 2 Dance- Nassau, Bahamas - Nonny Cartwright
4th place - "Mix It Up" - Dance FX - Joan Bartoletti, Julie Bartoletti-Brown
5th place - "Both Of Us" - Xpressit Dance Center - Raquel Lopez
Top Classic Junior Small Group
1st place - "Room Of Angel" - Impact Dance Studios - Elizabeth Keeler
2nd place - "Dumbing Down Of Love" - Peaches School Of Dance - Leslie Gettis, Alison Aslaender
3rd place - "Bring It Back" - Impact Dance Studios - Elizabeth Keeler
4th place - "Kaji" - Peaches School Of Dance - Leslie Gettis, Alison Aslaender
5th place - "Chocolate" - Live 2 Dance- Nassau, Bahamas - Nonny Cartwright
Petite/Junior Fusion Award
"Brokenhearted" - Live 2 Dance- Nassau, Bahamas - Nonny Cartwright

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