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Last Rites & Memorial Tributes for the Late Bishop Edward Nathaniel Missick Sr. JP. Aged 76 years a resident of #18 First Holiness Way, Bamboo Town, Nassau, Bahamas, who passed away on 3rd September, 2011, will be held at First Holiness Church of God, First Holiness Way, Bamboo Town, on Sunday at 1:00 p.m. Officiating will be Bishop Albert Hepburn, Rev. Dr. J. Carl Rahming, Bishop Ros Davis & Rev. Gregory A. Collie. Interment follows in Lakeview Memorial Gardens & Mausoleum, J.F. K. Drive, Nassau, Bahamas.
Left to cherish his memories are his:
Faithful and devoted wife of 53 years, Roslyn Louise Missick
CHILDREN: Carl Missick Sr, Edward Missick Jr., Andrew Missick Sr., Shon Missick & Patrick Johnson, Karen Missick, Stephanie Collie, Monique Missick- Munroe, Michelle Lewis, Andrea Houston, Deborah Moxey-Rolle, Gloria,Moultrie, Vonita Cleare & Portia Johnson
Renishka, Karlyndria, Ashnell, Crystal, Laranda, Edvania, Abrille, Amba, Ariana, Kathryn-Ann, and Shawniqua Missick, Evernique, Evaughnya, & Evante Munroe, Danielle Walkine, Glodeika Moultrie, Michealla Lewis, Alicia Houston, Anthonette Cossio,
Tavaree, Abiah, Carl Jr., & Andrew Jr. Missick, Robert, Darrington, Glenvino & Dovar Moultrie, Kirklyn Saunders Jr., Nakita Higgins, Pheron Collie, Frank Jr. & DeAundre Houston, Ricardo Rolle, Lathario Missick, Micheal Lewis Jr., Everone Munroe, Anthony Cossio, Alfred and Anthony Johnson, Aaron & Antonio
Tariq Forbes, Travon Palmer, Deyje Brown, Tyler Missick, Rashard Brown, Romel Johnson, Elijah, Damarius, & Glenvino Jr. Moutlrie, Manoah Walkine, Ty Poyotte, Claynique McDonald, Marvinette Davis & ReShea Brown, Darriana & Clarissa Moultrie,
DAUGHTERS-IN-LAW: Marsha, Sonia, Denise, & Nicole Missick
SONS-IN-LAWS: Rev. Gregory Collie, Frank Houston Sr., Everette Munroe, & Michael Lewis Sr.
BROTHER-IN-LAWS: Evang. Samuel Simmons, Freeport, Grand Bahama, Henry Williams, Provodenciales Turks & Caicos, & Garnet Duncombe
SISTERS-IN-LAWS: Anita Missick, Mazilee Forbes, and Majorie Simmons of Freeport, Grand Bahama. Louise Williams of Provodenciales, Turks & Caicos & Enith Duncombe,
NIECES & NEPHEWS
Monica Delancey, Shirley[Errol] Holmes, Cassandra Gardiner, Adel Gibson, Ethelee[Everette]Hart, Edna Swan, Armeta Saunders, Evamae[Allan] Moxey, Brenda[Ashley] Cooper, Carol, Usilla, Lydia, Youlette, Barbara Missick, Vonita[Burton] Cleare, Mary Brown, Geneva[Oneal] Hall, Nancy[Nathan] Parker, Antione Hall, Linda[Henry] Romer, Raffletha Smith, Annie[Cleverson] Lightbourne, Helen Smith, Princess[Charlton] Gibson, Angela[Jerome] Francis, Katiemae[Wenzel]Deveaux, Edith Missick, Naomi Hamilton, Sylvia Campbell, Hazel[Evanis] Alfonzo, Beatrice Pierre, Shirlymae Pitter, Sheryl Bastian, Melanie Darren]Haston, Selma[Stephen] Moore, Sheena Missick, Judy Missick, Dorinda[Buster] Been, Janet Duncombe, Daphane Duncombe, Emily Forbes, Geraldine Nawvaroo, Pamela Forbes, Beulah[Derek] Hamilton, Blossom Simon.
John, Walter[Janice], Joel[Constance], Joshua, Charles, Jerome[Queenie], Wesley[Erma], Leroy[Cecilia], McDonald[Essie], Tony[Alice], Kevin[Millie], Calvin Jr[Joyce], Matthew[Valarie], Ervin[Verona], Eustace[Patrina], George[Viola], Felix, Dino, Mario, Daniel, Jason, Linville, Randy & Bert[Louana] Missick, Llwellyn Simmons, Elikindro[Yohanny] Fleurisma, Novelle Smith, Leon[Vivilent] Campbell, Terrance Hamilton, Adrian Gibson, Kevin Morris, Arthur Morris, Gordon, Welly, Derek, Delroy and Albert Williams of Provodenciales Turks & Caicos Island,, Benjamin[Cecilia], Arthur, Bradley, and Ian Forbes, Perry, Nelson[Christine], Bradford, Craig and Trevor Duncombe.
143 Great Grand nieces including, Lemelle Kemp, Tia Holmes, Lacrissa Swan, Sheronne Brown, Esther Hall, Della Rolle, Brenda Hall,
Rogette Swan, Erin Swan, Stacia Holmes
115 Great Grand Nephews, including, Barron Missick, Errol Missick, Tchychoisky Saunders, Valdez, Valrico, Valderon Cleare, Ron Lewis, Jerome Francis, Errol Holmes,
GOD-CHIILDREN: Ethelee Hart, Shenderlene Greene-Evans, Modesto Colebrooke, Wilfred Bastian, Everette & Judith
THE FIRST HOLINESS CHURCH OF GOD FAMILY: Rev. Lucille Woodside, Rev. Gordon Cooper, Rev. Maxine Darville, Min. Clarice Moss, Min. Eleanor Austin, Min. Thelma Bowleg, Rev. Ezekiel & Sis. Judy Thompson, Elder Rudolph Hanna, Min, Aaron Feaster, Min. Minera Riley, Min. Helen Smith, Deacon & Deaconess Gray, Deaconess Joyce Conliffe, Brenda Rolle & Family, Alfreda Sears & Family, Kendal & Keisha Lewis & Family, Bridgette Miller & Family, Kreva Taylor & Family, Coralee Deveaux & Family, Sabbie Poitier & Family, Tangie Bethel & Family, Veronica Burnett & Family, Emmaline Jones & Family, Nicole Balfour & Family, Evans, Paul Family, Smith Family, Stubbs Family, Thompson Family, Russell Family, Blanche Turner & Family, Jennie Pinder & Family, Missick Family
SPECIAL FRIENDS: Mr. & Mrs Arthur Brown, Mr. Edwin Ingraham, Mrs. Myrtis Deveaux and Family, Rev. Dr. LeRodney & Mrs. Rolle, Mr. Randolph Hanna and Family, , Bishop Wilbert & Mother Rolle, Bishop Shervin & Mother Dorothy Smith, Prophet & Mrs. Keith Rolle, Bishop Gregory & Sis. Minnis, Rev. Dr. J. Carl & Sis. Evangeline Rahming, Bishop Albert & Mother Karen Hepburn, Bishop Joseph & Mother Swan, Rev. Shelton & Mrs. Higgs, Rev. Steadman & Mrs, Knight, Bishop C. N. & Evangelist B. Williams, Mrs. Mary Dawkins & Family, Mrs. Helen Saunders & Family, Mrs. Pinder & Family, Rt. Hon, Hubert A. Ingraham, Prime Minister Commonwealth of the Bahamas, Bishop Hosea & Mother Cox, Bishop Simeon & Mrs. Hall, Rev. Dr. Ranford Patterson, President, Bahamas Christian Council, Rev. William & Sis. Pennerman, Rev. Dr. Perry & Mrs. Newton, Bishop Michael & Sis Ferguson, Apostle Quebell & Sis. Martin, Bishop Ross & Sis. Davis, Rev. Dr. Ornan & Mrs. Johnson, , Bishop Wilfred & Pastor Adderley, Bishop R.J & Mother Deleveaux, Bishop Salatiel & Mother Rolle, Rev. Richard & Sis Cynthia Gibbs, Rev. Rex & Sis Major, Rev. Shirley Smith & Family, Rev. & Min. McPhee, Rev. Charles & Mrs. Lewis, Rev. & Mrs. Kendal Capron, Mother Mary Wells & Family, Mother Marilyn Wallace & Family, Dr. Gloria Ageeb, Mr. & Mrs. Bowe[Bowes Pumping], Mrs. Helen Smith & Family, Mr. & Mrs Cornielius Gardiner, The Be Healed Revival Time Family, Mr. Sherman Smith, Hon. Sidney Collie & Family, Mr. & Mrs. Henry Thurston, Mr. & Mrs. Leland Lightbourne, Carlos Mackey
SPECIAL FRIENDS OVERSEAS:
Rev. Eustace & Sis. Clarke, of Miami, Florida, Rev. Emmanuel & Sis. Dean, Provodenciales, Turks & Caicos Islands, Rev. Wille Lee Wrisper Jr. South Bay, Florida, Mr & Mrs, Hodge, St. Croix, USA, Pastor Emmanuel & Sis Saint Gerard, of Haiti, Sis. Ethlyn Cox, of Freeport, Grand Bahama, Sis. Daphane Romer, of Indianna, Bishop Clifford & Mother Henfield of Dundas Town, Abaco, Miss Sherry of Missouri City, Texas, Essie Arthur & Family[Turks & Caicos Island], Louise Raymond of Atlanta, Georgia, Management & Staff of St. Lukes Hospital, & Jacobs Engineering/NASA JSC, Houston, Texas.
OTHER RELATIVES & FRIENDS;
The Bodie Family, Stockdale Family, Johnson Family, Thurston Family, Cambridge Family, Poitier Family, Williams Family, Bowe Family, Godfrey Family, Armbrister Family, Ferguson Family, Major Family, Mackey Family, Adderley Family, Taylor Family, King Family, Ferguson Family, Coakley Family, Henfield Family, Wells Family, Newbold Family, Ethelyn Johnson & Family, Higgs Family, Mitchell Family, Hopeful Hanna & Family, Beatrice Dievieull & Family, Moxey Family, Greene Family, Ms.Leen Brice & Family, Cedric Rolle & Family of Freeport, Grand Bahama, Walkine Family of Freeport, Grand Bahama, Austin Family, Sandee Ferguson & Family, McKenzie Family, Sean & Nadine Minns, Mr. & Mrs. Emizarene Charlot, LaFrance Gustave, Joseph Pierre-Louis, Wilfrid Flurinord, Ceus Enguere, Schella Jean-Louis, Ticette Jean-Louis, Theresa Brown, Lovely Forbes, Geneva Morley, Janet Brown, Mrs. Regina Saunders & Family, Mr. & Mrs. Battiata & Family, Greg Sherman, FNM Bamboo Town Branch, Staff Oncology Clinic PMH, Staff Male Medical II, Management Team/ Human Resources Department, RBPF & HMP, ScotiaTrust Family, The National Insurance Board, Kentucky Fried Chicken, One and Only Ocean Club, Missick Bus Service, R & M Trucking, The Bamboo Town Community, The Engeleston Community, & others too numerous to mention.
Friends may pay their last respects at First Holiness Church of God, #18 First Holiness Way, Bamboo Town, on Friday from 3:30 p.m. until Saturday at 6:00 p.m. & on Sunday at the church from 10:00 a.m. until service time.
A memorial service for Bishop Edward Missick, will be held at First Holiness Church, Bamboo Town on Friday 16th September, 2011 at 7:30 p.m. Officiating will be Rev. Ranford Patterson, President of The Bahamas Christian Council.
On September 23, 2013, the Supreme Court of the Dominican Republic handed down the decision TC0168/13 in the matter of Juliana Deguis Pierre, 28, a Dominican citizen with four children born in the Dominican Republic, ruling against her and all persons similarly situated.
The ruling stated that those persons born after 1929 in the Dominican Republic of parents who did not have proper documents while entering and continuing to live in the Dominican Republic without legalization are henceforth stripped of their Dominican citizenship. The ruling will be enforced by all the branches of the Dominican government.
While the decision is global, it is of particular concern to some 210,000 Haitian-Dominicans who were born in the Dominican Republic, have received their birth certificates, have been to school in the Dominican Republic, have lived a normal life in the Dominican Republic and have little or no attachment to the Republic of Haiti.
The Dominican Republic, as the United States, utilizes the concept of jus solis as the basis to confer citizenship on people born under the sun of its territory. The only exception to this rule has been children of diplomats accredited to the Dominican Republic who were considered persons in transit.
A 2004 law enshrined in the amended Dominican constitution of 2010 expanded the concept of persons in transit to include not only diplomats but also all persons who enter and remain in the Dominican Republic without proper documents. Their offspring would step outside the umbrella of jus solis and, as such, they could not benefit from Dominican citizenship.
The Supreme Court used a strict framework in rendering its decision in the matter of nationality of who is and who is not a citizen of the Dominican Republic. It sent scrambling the government and civil society, the Haitian and the international community that perceived an ethnic cleansing similar to or compared with what happened in Germany under Hitler, in Serbia under Milosevic and in Rwanda under Prime Minister Jean Kambanda.
E palante que vamos!
The Dominican Republic has been often in the news as a star nation that fits its slogan: We are pushing forward! Its tourism business might be along with The Bahamas a booming industry in the Caribbean. Its economy, in expansion since 2004, is sucking human resources (manual and professional) from Haiti to maintain the push forward. Its balance of payments with Haiti from which almost everything is imported (mostly after the earthquake of 2010) is an enviable position of master/servant. What, for God's sake, did the Dominican Supreme Court have in mind in rallying against itself the wrath of the civilized world in pointing the country as a pariah state that uses the cleansing doctrine to solve other structural problems?
Playing the double advocate
The Dominican Republic, with a population of 10 million people, as the Republic of Haiti, has been absorbing some one million Haitian people in its midst. In spite of infrequent skirmishes, life continues rather smoothly for this migrant population. Some 150,000 attend colleges and upon graduation they find jobs in the hotel industry that prize their command of different languages as well as their demeanor of hard and professional workers. Some 100,000 toil in the sugar cane industry, sometimes as slaves sent by their own government (in the past through a joint governmental agreement). They are now lured by unscrupulous brokers, leaving conditions at home that are inhospitable that make them easy prey for an illusory eldorado in Santo Domingo.
Stan Golf, in an op-ed in the Push, says it best: "The Haitians cut the cane, labor in the most exhausting factories, perform the most grueling work with the least money and much like the Afro-American and the Latinos in the United States they provide the super exploited economic and safety valve against the demands to increase wages."
It is hard for Haiti to blame a discriminatory situation in the Dominican Republic that it entertains itself at home. The living conditions in rural Haiti or in the shantytowns surrounding the cities is, to put it simply, inhumane. With no infrastructure and no institutional buildings in those catchment areas, past governments have been at best callous, at worst criminal, in dealing with their own citizens. A brain surgeon's qualification is not necessary to explain why so many poor Haitians are fleeing home seeking a friendlier sky not only in the Dominican Republic but also in The Bahamas, Turks and Caicos, Dominica, Florida and now Brazil.
The ghost of Plessey vs. Ferguson in the Dominican Republic
Homer Plessey was a rich citizen of New Orleans with light skin color. The law around 1892 in the United States and in Louisiana was that persons of color could not ride in the same train car with a white person. Homer Plessey was chosen to test the practice. Upon boarding the train in a white section and informing the conductor that he was a colored person, he was ordered to leave the car and sit in a black only compartment.
He refused, was escorted out and arrested. He later sued all the way up to the United States Supreme Court, where he lost. The court in a seven to one decision upheld the constitutionally of state laws that recognized the principle that in public facilities the doctrine of separate but equal shall remain the law of the land. It was such until 1954 when the decision was reversed by Brown vs. the Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas.
It is not difficult to envision the ghost of Homer Plessey in Juliana Deguis Pierre challenging the decision of the lower court until the Constitutional Court rendered its decision that stripped all persons similarly situated of Dominican citizenship, in particular its target the Haitian-Dominican community. Will it take 54 years to find the Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. of the Dominican Republic so as to bring that nation to reason and into the humanist rationality as proffered by Emil Vlagki in his book "Les Miserables de la Modernite"?
The history of the Republic of Haiti and of the Dominican Republic is intertwined for the last five centuries. The big island or Ayti - land of mountains - as it was called by the Taino, was discovered by Christopher Columbus, on December 5, 1492, who renamed the island Hispaniola. The Spanish conquistadors who came along with Columbus took only 30 years to facilitate the decimation of the Taino population that was estimated at around one million people. It happened because they were submitted to hard labor and because the diseases brought by the Spaniards to the island, such as smallpox, measles, influenza, gonorrhea and typhoid, ran amok in a population not immune to such illnesses.
The richness of Hispaniola lured to the region French buccaneers, who settled first in the small island of Tortuga - la Tortue - before moving to the western part of the mainland. They grew in number and in strength, fighting with the Spanish until the Treaty of Ryswick in 1697 settled the issue, granting the western part of the island to France and the eastern part to Spain.
With grueling slave labor imported from Africa, the western part became one of the most prosperous colonial sites of the world, enriching France up to 60 percent of its national budget. The eastern part languished under Spanish rule with only 6,000 inhabitants in Santo Domingo around 1697.
Through the Treaty of Bale in 1795, France took complete control of the island. It was also around this time that Toussaint Louverture came on the scene, defeating the British, the Spanish and later the French to govern the entire island around 1801. The independence of Haiti from France led by Jean Jacques Dessalines in 1804 left the eastern part an open front that could have brought back slavery to the newly independent country. As such, all governments thereafter have sought to fight to maintain control of the entire island.
Under Jean Pierre Boyer, the fourth Haitian president, his governance of the eastern part (as well as the western part) was so callous that the Dominicans organized a war of independence under the leadership of Pedro Santana, Francisco Sanchez and Ramon Malla leading to the liberation of the country on February 27, 1844, from the yoke of the Republic of Haiti.
The nation building process in the Dominican Republic was not a smooth one; dissension amongst the founding fathers led to the reoccupation of the Dominican Republic by Spain and the offer of annexation by the United States. It was again the Republic of Haiti that came to help the Dominican Republic regain once more its independence.
The Haitian and the Dominican dilemma
While Haiti in its first constitution stated clearly that from now and for the future all Haitians are black (in spite of the color of their skin), the Dominican Republic has enshrined in its ethos that all Dominican are white (in spite of the color of their skin).
One of the most revered Dominican heroes and presidents was Ulysses Heureaux or Lilis. He was a dark-skinned Dominican, the son of a Haitian father and of a mother from St. Thomas. He ruled the Dominican Republic for decades, building infrastructure and bringing stability to the nation.
Yet the Haitian card is put on the table every time a score must be settled by some politicians. Rafael Trujillo used the card to kill some 35,000 Haitian people around the border of Ouanaminthe and Dajabond in the Parsley massacre to take revenge against Haitians who were supposedly siding with the opponents of his government.
Is the nationality card a new tool crafted by the Dominican government and adopted by the judiciary to enforce the white only ethos for some political game? Haiti has played those two cards and it has failed miserably in both. In spite of the terms of its constitution that all Haitians are black, the light-skinned Haitians have dominated the political panorama for the first 150 years after the country's independence with no apparent nation building results. The rest of the nation's history has seen since 1946, or the last 50 years, the emergence of the dark-skinned Haitians in the sphere of power with similarly dim and poor results for the nation.
In conclusion: Two wings of the same bird
The Republic of Haiti and the Dominican Republic that occupies the same island named Ayti, by the Taino, or Hispaniola, by Christopher Columbus, are condemned to live together. Whether the two wings will fly in tandem to y palento que vamos - push the bird forward - will depend on the wisdom and the applied policies of the governments and civil society on both sides of the border.
I have often argued for the concept of hospitality for all as defined by Ernest Renan in his formula for building a great nation as the best model for y palento que vamos! The Dominican Republic, in spite of its slogan y palento que vamos, will stall in the long run if it continues to marginalize the weakest segment of its population, the Haitian-Dominican one, as well as the native-born dark-skinned Dominican.
The Republic of Haiti's operation decollage - operation take off - will remain on the ground as long as the majority of its population, rural Haiti and Haiti of the shantytowns, is treated as second-class citizen.
The best course of action for each one of those two nations is to start treating each one of its citizens as a valuable resource. Carthage, London, New York, Singapore and now Shanghai did not use any other method to occupy at a time in world history the status of the premiere city of the globe. They provided the best education to all citizens within their territory, and they incubated all the able bodies to create and produce for their benefit, and for the benefit of the nation, immense wealth.
In following these models, the Dominican Republic and the Republic of Haiti will y palento que vamos huntos! They will be pushing forward together!
o Jean H. Charles LLB, MSW, JD is a syndicated columnist with caribbeannewsnow.com. He can be reached at email@example.com and followed for past essays at caribbeannewsnow/haiti. Published with the permission of caribbeannewsnow.com.
Members of the National Culinary Team have been selected and practicing for several weeks for the Taste of the Caribbean regional competition later in June in Miami. Meanwhile, the team will display their culinary skills at two upcoming public events starting with 'Sunset Tapas on the Bay' set for Tuesday, May 29 at Blu Restaurant and Lounge on Elizabeth and Bay.
According to team manager Executive Chef Devin Johnson, the team will showcase an assortment of tapas menu items at the reception which will be a blend of locally infused international works of culinary art.
"I believe the public will delight in both the creativity and taste of what the team is putting together," states Chef Johnson. "Mixing indigenous foods with traditional appetizers helps to hone our chef's skills. At the Taste of the Caribbean competition the judges will look for an infusion of international and local flair."
Tuesday's event will run from 6:00 p.m. to 8:00 p.m. "With the backdrop of cruise ships berthed in Nassau Harbour, against the sounds of live Bahamian music, and the team's unique tapas selection and beverage offerings, this is a great opportunity for people to unwind from a busy day while showing their support for our up-and-coming young chefs," according to Bahamas Hotel Association President Stuart Bowe.
The tapas selection will include: cracked conch sushi; jerk chicken tartlets with guava BBQ sauce; Bahamian crawfish spring rolls with Asian dipping sauce; vegetable spring rolls; homemade combined veal, pork and beef meatballs with fresh sage and a tomato basil fondue; an asparagus, wild mushroom and roasted pepper pinwheel; and watermelon, papaya, cucumber and goat pepper gelee.
"The team has been practicing for six weeks and every week we see improvement," states Chef Johnson. "They've been working on techniques, beginning to gel more, and everyone knows their role. In the coming weeks it will come down to execution. That's why the tapas event at Blu and an upcoming team dinner at Atlantis on June 12 are so important."
The competition is sponsored by the Bahamas Hotel Association, the Ministry of Tourism and the Bahamas Culinary Association with support from team member hotels and restaurants and corporate sponsors Bahamas Food Services and Bristol Wines and Spirits. Blu and Atlantis are also assisting with hosting the team's two showcase events.
This year's team is comprised of: Team Manager Chef Devin Johnson from the Sheraton Nassau Beach Resort; Team Captain Chef Jamal Small from Blu Restaurant; Chef Mychal Harris from Atlantis; Junior Chef Kevyn Pratt from One&Only Ocean Club; Chef Charron McKenzie and Pastry Chef Wenzil Rolle from the Lyford Cay Club; Chef Shanique Bodie from the Old Fort Bay Club; Bartender Gerard Knowles from the British Colonial Hilton; and Dwayne Sinclair, the National Young Chef from Temple Christian High School.
Over 14 Caribbean culinary teams will be vying for the culinary honors next month.
For additional information or tickets contact the BHA at 322-8381 or the Ministry of Tourism at 328-7810. Tickets will be available that evening at the door.
The 42nd version of the CARIFTA Games, staged here earlier this year, was yet another indication of the potential the Bahamian sports industry has. Our track and field athletes performed with the courage of lions.
The Bahamas' eight gold, 10 silver and 13 bronze medals (31 in total) were good enough for second to Jamaica's 29, 25 and 15 for a total of 69. The difference between Jamaica and The Bahamas was clear. The medal count demonstrated the superiority of our sister Caribbean nation. Bahamian observers were heartened however by a few signs.
Of course, there was the great junior athlete Shaunae Miller, who sent a message to the world about the talent in The Bahamas, with her sensational runs in the under-20 female 200 meters (22.77) and 400 meters (51.63). Miller will not be there for The Bahamas when the supreme Caribbean junior track and field event is held in Fort-de-France, Martinique next year. She has moved out of the junior category.
The talent depth is here, though, for others to emerge and give this country the numbers to make a stronger challenge against Jamaica for the title. Spectators, particularly Bahamians, would recall with pride the awesome combination of under-20 female sprinters Devynne Charlton and Carmiesha Cox.
Charlton zipped across the finish in 11.60, just a hair ahead of Cox (11.61) in the under-20 female 100 meters (m) final. They will be eligible for The Bahamas once again. They provide a prime example of the grit of the Bahamian athletes. Our athletes have always performed gallantly. They have demonstrated year after year, an unflinching spirit.
That indomitable characteristic was there to be found in Bradley Cooper and his teammates during the late 1970s, when The Bahamas began the surge to the top. During the early 1980s when the country arrived at the pinnacle of CARIFTA Games glory by winning (in 1980, 1981, 1983 and 1984), our athletes were not to be denied. The group of stalwarts who carried our banner in battle so magnificently included Mark Johnson, Wendell Lawrence, Joey Wells, Pauline Davis, Monique Miller, Whelma Colebrooke, Laverne Eve, Michael Newbold, Stanford Moss, Lynden Sands, Steve Wray, David Charlton, Fabian Whymms, Oralee Fowler and Maryann Higgs.
Sadly, while the talent reservoir in The Bahamas remains the envy of the region, the development program is nothing to brag about at all. In fact, the Bahamas Association of Athletic Associations (BAAA) does not have a vibrant national development program. Quite frankly, the athletes who do so well for this country are those who come out of the school programs. Others surface because their parents/guardians can afford to pay coaches to train them.
While the BAAA grabs the credit, the truth is well known. The time has come for the BAAA to focus on structuring a national program that reaches into every corner of every community in the country. There once was a time when a strong effort was made in that direction. There are those now associated with the BAAA, who know of the ventures made by the organization into a variety of islands to find raw athletic products.
Subsequently, several attempts at talent-search programs stalled. Today, the BAAA does not have a strong development program that covers the entire country. As a result, the CARIFTA squads are constantly with the make-up that has New Providence out-numbering all of the other islands collectively. This situation has to change.
If it does, then, and only then, will The Bahamas be able to put up an incredibly strong challenge against Jamaica and ultimately reclaim the top status.
o To respond to this sports feature, kindly contact Fred Sturrup at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Despite not coming up with a medal on Friday, Joanna Evans and Laura Morley were still able to set new national records with their performances at the second Youth Olympics in Nanjing, China.
Evans managed to finish just fifth in the women's 400-meter (m) freestyle final, but her time of 4:12.14 topped the old record of 4:13.74 that she set just hours earlier in her qualification heat. Prior to yesterday the old record time in the 400m was 4:17.29, and was also set by Evans back in march at the Swift Swimming Championships in Nassau.
Hannah Moore of the United States finished first in the 400m final and scored her second gold medal of the championships. She won the race in a time of 4:11.05, followed by Sarisa Suwannachet, who finished in a close second with a time of 4:11.23 and Kathrin Demler out of Germany finished third with a time of 4:11.2.
Laura Morley competed in the women's 200m breaststroke but could only muster an eighth place finish in her preliminary race. Despite failing to advance, her time of 2:36.42 trumped the old national record of 2:37.97 set by McKayla Lightbourn at the 2008 CARIFTA swimming championships in Aruba.
The swimmers can now unwind in China, because yesterday marked the final day of swimming competition at the Youth Olympics.
In tennis, Rasheed Carey and his mixed doubles partner, Simona Heinova, of the Czech Republic, lost 2-0 in their quarterfinal match on court number two. They were defeated in straight sets by Stanislaw Zielinski, of Poland, and Jil Teichmann of Switzerland. The total time of the match was one hour and five minutes.
On the track, Drashanae Rolle finished fifth in heat number two of the women's 400m hurdles, with a time of 1:02.01 at the Nanjing OSC Stadium.
She finished 12th overall and although she failed to make it to the finals, she will be competing in the "B" finals on Monday at 7:05 p.m.
Paul De Souza was once again denied the chance to get out and sail on the Jinniu Lake. Yesterday was the second day that all sailing races were canceled due to inclement weather. The country's sole sailor is competing in the Byte CII Class - Men's One Person Dinghy, and will hopefully get a chance to get in the water at some point today. De Souza has yet to compete in race eight, nine or 10 of the 11 race course due to the weather. Officials are working on a new schedule for the sailors, and will release it at some point today.
The Bahamas will be looking forward to some good performances in athletics today at the Nanjing Olympic Sports Centre Stadium.
Tyler Bowe will compete in the men's 100m finals out of lane eight, and that race is set for 9:20 a.m. Eastern Standard Time (EST).
Jenea Ambrose will look to make noise in the women's 100m final. She will be runnning out of lane two in the final that is set for 9 a.m. EST.
Henry Delauze was the first Bahamian athlete to make it into the final round, and will be competing in the men's 400m final that will begin at 10:06 a.m.
Almost 4,000 athletes from 204 countries are competing in 28 disciplines at this year's Youth Olympics.
Today the Progressive Liberal Party (PLP) celebrates its first anniversary of re-election to office. This week, as has been the custom for the past several months, many will debate the performance of the PLP government and whether it has lived up to its promises on the campaign trail and those listed in its Charter for Governance.
One year ago, thousands assembled on Clifford Park to celebrate once it became apparent that the PLP had defeated the Free National Movement (FNM) in a landslide victory. FNM supporters across the country at that time were shocked not only by the defeat itself but also by the margin in terms of number of seats won by the PLP.
It seems fair to state that for the thousands who journeyed to Clifford Park, there was a feeling of victory, a sense of hope by a people who believed they had just ushered in an administration that believes in Bahamians. The electorate had grown weary in a country plagued by a sluggish economy, high taxation, high cost of living, growing unemployment and the ever-present and perplexing issues of crime and immigration. The perception that investments in capital projects had taken priority over people and the development of human capital under the previous administration did not help matters either.
An opportunity to build legacy
About 365 days ago, the leader of the PLP was granted another opportunity to redeem his record and cement his legacy having been afforded another chance by the Bahamian people to govern the nation. Perry Gladstone Christie on his way to victory articulated a vision that promotes a new generation of leaders and promised to transition the PLP and ultimately The Bahamas into the 21st century. He would be branded the 'bridge to the future' as he transitions to complete 40 years of consecutive political service to our nation at the end of this five-year term in office.
The commentary over the next few days and weeks will dissect the PLP's performance over the last year and myriad views and assessments will be given. The beauty of politics in The Bahamas in 2013 is that the electorate has not waited for the one year mark to hold the government accountable; Bahamians have and will continue to ensure that our leaders do not forget that they are servants of the people. The current administration did not have the luxury of a honeymoon and will be called upon to deliver on its promises during its five-year term in office.
History and the impact of the PLP
In the midst of the discussions, this piece takes a look back at the historic institution called the PLP as it celebrates its 60 years of existence this year. Having the distinction of being the oldest political party of record in The Bahamas, there is no doubt that the PLP has given much to the Bahamian people. However, Christie and his team must seize the opportunity provided by the remainder of this current term in office to introduce reforms and national institutions that will cause the people to believe in the PLP as they did in the days of old if the party is to stay relevant. At a party convention 40 years ago, Sir Lynden stated, "To stay on top, this party must find new causes to champion and new social injustices to eradicate."
In the midst of an inevitable generational shift in political leadership in The Bahamas, the PLP must hold fast to its founding philosophies and adapt to the landscape of the 21st century. For these are the philosophies that endeared the party to the people and provided the PLP with its identity; hence, current PLP leaders must go back to the old landmark.
The origin of a movement
The formation of the PLP is well documented. It is a party that was born out of the need to end racial discrimination and bring about social, political and economic freedom for all Bahamians. At the time of its formation, the gap between the haves and the have-nots was expanding despite the growing prosperity that The Bahamas was becoming accustomed to. The party released its original platform 60 years ago, a landmark document that the PLP titled, "A Challenge to be Met". The platform promised to raise the standard of living for all Bahamians among other things. At the time, the PLP pledged to extend the voting franchise to women, reduce the parliamentary term from seven years to five years, institute a Court of Appeal and it pledged a commitment to move toward self-government.
A clarion call to the people
Essentially, this landmark document called upon the Bahamian people to support the right of full and equal political participation, equal employment opportunity, security, equal treatment in the civil service and the right of peaceful assembly, freedom of speech, of religion, and freedom of the press.
Sixty years later, The Bahamas has been plunged into the 21st century and the age of information, yet the realties of the PLP platform in 1953 still provide a basis for advocacy in 2013. Moreover, today's circumstances mandate our leaders to take a position as to whether the highest court in the land ought to remain the Privy Council or whether The Bahamas should subscribe itself to the Caribbean Court of Justice. More importantly, should The Bahamas consider its own domestic court of last instance superior to the Court of Appeal? After 40 years of independence as a democratic constitutional monarchy and approaching a constitutional referendum, today's generation of leaders and Bahamians must consider whether its time to move toward a republic and sever ties with Great Britain albeit maintaining commonwealth membership.
The wisdom of the ages
It is insufficient for today's 'new generation' of PLPs to claim to possess all the ideas to fix our nation and move our country forward. This new breed must go back to the old landmark, they must embrace and appreciate the philosophies of the party for which they stand as standard-bearers. Yesterday's PLP leaders knew what they wanted, where they were going and for the most part achieved their goals. They were progressive and liberal and not afraid to state their unified position despite opposition. They always knew their identity and identified with the needs and the wants of the Bahamian people.
Moving forward with resolve
Unity of vision and purpose is a prerequisite for success for the party during this term in office and for any possible re-election in 2017. There are still other social causes to fight for - reformation and improvement of our education system is desperately needed. We must also not forget to provide our people with access to valuable real estate and other ownership opportunities and move forward with the institution of a national health insurance scheme in a country where more than 50 percent of the population lack private health insurance. National security remains relevant and central to the performance of any economy in the same vein as a robust immigration policy and energy plan for the future.
As the current PLP administration celebrates one year in office, the individuals charged with leading the country must ensure that The Bahamian people continue to feel their hearts as they did the leaders of old. Their actions over the next four years will speak louder than any words they ever utter and successful implementation of their updated landmark document, "A Charter for Governance", will remain to be seen.
o Arinthia S. Komolafe is an attorney-at-law. Comments can be directed at email@example.com.
Former Prime Minister and Free National Movement (FNM) Leader Hubert A. Ingraham made several strategic moves in the months leading up to the May 7 general election in an effort to stave off the political onslaught of the Progressive Liberal Party's (PLP) Gold Rush in Grand Bahama. The FNM's six candidates in the 2007 general election were able to win five of the six seats that were up for grabs that year. Sensing that the tide in Grand Bahama was turning against the former governing party, the leadership of the FNM decided to make several significant changes to its slate of candidates on the island.
The former governing party's slate of candidates that would contest the May 7 electoral contest was called the "Take 5 Team". This group of candidates was touted as being the best fit to revive Grand Bahama's economy as Ingraham's leadership did before. During the campaign, this team reminded Grand Bahamians that the FNM government gave minimum wage to workers; provided free medication for chronic diseases; and some $25 million for the education of Bahamian students.
The FNM government also introduced the unemployment benefit program and the national job readiness and training initiative in order to cushion the blow of the stagnant recession. There were other things that the FNM government did, such as the construction of the $19 million government complex on Mall Drive and the multimillion dollar upgrade to Rand Memorial Hospital. But obviously the FNM's message was not resonating with the majority of voters in Grand Bahama. This is due to the fact that thousands of Grand Bahamians are jobless.
A few days before the May 7 election, campaign workers of the then opposition party were all over Freeport handing out anti-FNM flyers. The flyers read "We Deliver?" Of course, this title was referring to the campaign theme of the then governing party. These political propaganda flyers listed 27 businesses that had closed down under the Ingraham administration in Freeport. Some of these businesses include: Consolidated Electric, Miniature Golf Course, Redwood Inn, Casa Bahama, Ice Cream Palour, Pusser's Pub, Island Palm Resort, Stone Crab, Royal Palm Resort, Food World, Perfume Factory, Reef Village at Our Lucaya, Ferry House, The Columbian, Fenestration Glass Company and Kay Shell Furniture. Obviously, the closure of these businesses meant the job losses of hundreds of Grand Bahamians.
Such a negative campaign spelled disaster for the FNM and its Take 5 Team. As far as the FNM was concerned, something had to be done. Ingraham was counting on this team to win all five seats. Considering the fact that the FNM had won five seats in 2007, anything other than this would obviously be considered a let down.
Another issue that undoubtedly played a factor on the election outcome was the Hannes Babak debacle. His work permit was not renewed by the Ingraham administration in December of 2009. He was the chairman of the Grand Bahama Port Authority (GBPA). This controversial decision obviously caused a friction between the FNM government and the GBPA. In fact, there is a school of thought that says that Babak allowed several of his businesses to go belly up in order to get back at Ingraham. This action by the Austrian born investor had caused scores of Grand Bahamians to be placed on the jobless line. Obviously, the FNM suffered a voter backlash from these people and their family members. In addition to the Babak fiasco, the residents of this island have had to contend with outrageous electricity bills from the Grand Bahama Power Company. There have been reports of families living without power because of their inability to pay their light bills.
Late last year, the controversial decision was made to drop Kenneth Russell, former member of Parliament for High Rock and housing minister, and Verna Grant, former representative for the constituency of Eight Mile Rock. Ingraham would go on to fire Russell as his housing minister after he openly voiced his disapproval of being dropped from the ticket by the former prime minister.
Former Chamber of Commerce president and businessman Peter Turnquest received the nomination to run in Russell's place. Turnquest was able to win East Grand Bahama because it is one of the two remaining strongholds of the FNM on the island. As for Grant, her seat was eliminated by the boundaries commission. Ingraham chose journalist Pakesia Parker-Edgecombe to run in that area instead of the former Eight Mile Rock representative. Some political analysts saw this as a move by Ingraham to kill two birds with one stone.
The former prime minister wanted to retire Obie Wilchcombe in West Grand Bahama and Bimini by running a popular and attractive journalist against him. Like Wilchcombe, Parker also hails from west Grand Bahama. Ingraham also wanted to place the community of West End in the win column of his party by joining it to the community of Eight Mile Rock. West End has been represented by an FNM MP for only one term, between 1997 and 2002. Judging from the beating Parker received on May 7, the plan to eliminate Eight Mile Rock, an FNM stronghold, had obviously backfired.
The Eight Mile Rock constituency was formed in 1987; and has always been won by the FNM. Before then, it was a part of the West End constituency. Had Eight Mile Rock remained a separate seat, it would have more than likely remained in the win column of the FNM even with Grant as the standard bearer. Many Grand Bahamians have probably missed the significance of Wilchombe's win on May 7. He is the first PLP to represent the community of Eight Mile Rock in 25 years.
The move to join Eight Mile Rock to West End and Bimini reminds me of Aesop's famous fable entitled 'The Dog and its Reflection'. In the fable, a dog carrying a stolen bone looks down at a crossing stream and saw a reflection of itself in the water. Mistaking the reflection for another dog with a better bone, it opened its mouth to snatch at what it thought was another bone. In the process, it lost the bone that it had. Obviously, the moral of the story is that in its attempt to capture the seat of West End and Bimini by joining it to Eight Mile Rock, the FNM ended up losing both. In any event, the series of moves that were made in that area by the FNM were disastrous, to say the least.
In another move that raised many eyebrows, Ingraham moved former Minister of State for Finance Zhivargo Laing from Marco City to an area in New Providence, and nominated veteran educator Norris Bain to run in his place against the PLP's Gregory Moss. Both Laing and Bain lost their contests by impressive margins. The former Marco City MP has recently been named to the Senate for the opposition party. Moss' victory in Marco City did not come as a surprise to me at all. I had written on several occasions that the FNM was in grave danger of losing that seat. Apparently, the leadership of the FNM was also aware of this. That is why the party made the decision to run Laing elsewhere. However, there are some who are beginning to question the decision to move Laing. According to these people, he stood a better chance at being reelected in Marco City.
Many political observers were expecting a dead heat between the FNM's Kwasi Thompson and the PLP's Dr. Michael Darville in Pineridge. But that was not to be. Thompson was obviously a very good MP. That is why the FNM decided to run him again in that area. He ran on his own merits as a good, productive representative. But he received a thrashing at the polls by over 800 votes. Surprisingly, that contest wasn't close at all. Perhaps the unfriendly reaction to the former prime minister's visit to the Garden Villas community on the day before the election should have served as an indication that Thompson was in deep trouble. Pineridge has for years been considered a safe seat for the FNM. Yet the way the residents in that area carried on when Ingraham visited them, you would think that the former prime minister was visiting the PLP's bastions of Bains Town and Grants Town, Englerston, Nassau Village or Centreville.
Thankfully, the FNM's Neko Grant was able to stave off his main opponent in Central Grand Bahama, the PLP's Julian Russell. No reasonable analyst expected differently. That area in Grand Bahama has many middleclass and rich constituents who have more in common with the conservative FNM than with the PLP, a grassroot political organization. However, the thing that should concern the FNM is that the PLP is gaining ground in that area. Grant's margin of victory wasn't all that impressive.
The election results have taught me that the Grand Bahamian base of the FNM has eroded significantly. Grand Bahama is no longer FNM country. While the PLP made a good showing at the polls in its bastions in New Providence, the FNM has struggled to even hold on to the two seats (Central and East Grand Bahama) that are considered to be its strongholds. The next five years must be used to rebuild its base on this island. The FNM must also identify its candidates much earlier than it did in the last campaign cycle.
- Kevin Evans
The more dishonest critics of Prime Minister and Minister of Finance Hubert Ingraham's handling of the effects of the global economic crisis on The Bahamas typically stretch the truth if not outright shred it to pieces.
There are three main inconvenient points these critics fail to honestly assess: The nature and severity of the financial crisis and its impact on The Bahamas, the prime minister's deftness and dexterity in handling the crisis, and their own lack of a credible alternative in dealing with the same despite their flippant criticism.
In the telling of some, for nakedly partisan reasons, Hubert Ingraham is responsible for the terrible effects of the financial meltdown on The Bahamas. Never mind that most of the region and the world have been similarly affected with some countries in an even worse position than The Bahamas.
That many developed and developing countries have also had the outlooks for their economies downgraded by international ratings agencies in the throes of the worst global economic crisis since the Great Depression is also conveniently ignored by those seeking to scapegoat Ingraham for a crisis principally caused by recklessness and greed, and lax regulation in various first world economies.
Speaking of recklessness, two weeks ago in a September 13 column titled "DNA & Its Leader Prove Amateurish & Reckless", which can be found on the websites of The Nassau Guardian and at www.bahamapundit.com, Front Porch described the incredibly juvenile recklessness of the Democratic National Alliance (DNA) in a press statement following Moody's downgrade of the outlook for The Bahamas economy to negative.
The DNA noted: "Moody's is totally justified in changing its economic outlook and indeed, the real question is why has it not already downgraded The Bahamas' credit rating as S&P did to BBB+ in 2008."
The earlier column observed: "Shockingly, the DNA and the man who wants badly to be prime minister appear gleeful about the downgrade. Worse, they failed to defend The Bahamas. Even worse, the fledglings seem disappointed that Moody's did not go further and downgrade the country's credit rating as well! They could have celebrated this considerable accomplishment during these perilous economic times."
Given the response to that column by an ardent supporter of the DNA in this journal, as well as a statement by a well-known political activist who was invited to join the party, that meetings he attended with the DNA were like high school government meetings, Front Porch retracts its assessment of the DNA's leader and economic analysis as resembling that of a college sophomore.
Instead, it wishes to change that analysis to that of senior, i.e. downgrading the same as resembling that of a high school senior. (More later on the DNA and its wild-eyed and poorly conceived economic analysis and loony theories.)
Meanwhile, not only is the prime minister a scapegoat for some seeking to boost their political fortunes, he also gets little credit for what many around the world and here at home consider the generally deft management of the economy during the kind of perilous times which separate the men from the boys and seasoned experts from those who do economics as a hobby.
Ingraham managed the crisis through sound fiscal and social policy considering the nature of the crisis and the financial restraints. Moreover, his administration instituted the most comprehensive infrastructural program in Bahamian history starting or completing projects long overdue and pivotal to economic growth, like transportation networks such as roads, ports and airports.
The administration concluded an agreement on Baha Mar, introduced landmark unemployment and prescription drug benefits and national training programs, and launched a new e-government portal along with other public sector reforms. All of this was done in record time and without laying off a single civil servant.
Despite Ingraham's considered and integrated use of the tools at his disposal and probably that of anyone who found themselves in the prime minister's chair at this juncture, some are still spouting economic fairy-tales about what they would have done that was dramatically different.
Economic crises yield to hard-headed realities and management not to stardust-like broad themes, clichés and armchair critic theories by wannabe political celebrities and their intellectual gurus.
The DNA press release on the Moody's downgrade two weeks ago and the subsequent fevered defense of it by a party supporter last week, showcased for Bahamians a stark study in contrast.
Is the writer of the release the same as the individual who defended it? If it is, is this the main advisor on economics for the DNA, perhaps McCartney's possible minister of finance or economic advisor? How odd that the economic policy of the DNA is being defended not by its leader, but by his apparent intellectual guru.
As the DNA was playing at economic analysis, the Bahamian prime minister was engaging in real world policy-making backed by expert analysis from some of the leading economic thinkers and practitioners in the world, not those professionally trained in one field dabbling in economics as a sideline.
Prime Minister Ingraham was on the world stage in Washington D.C. as Chairman of the 2011 Annual Board of Governors Meetings of the World Bank Group (WBG) and the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
Ingraham's experience and gravitas as a world leader was showcased in meetings he held with Christine Lagarde, the new managing director of the IMF and well-respected former finance minister of France, and World Bank President Robert Zoellick, a former U.S. trade representative and deputy secretary of state.
Prior to his address as chairman, the prime minister, one of the more seasoned leaders in the Americas and the Caribbean, was briefed by the secretaries of the Bank and the Fund.
During the meetings he also met with international financial heavyweights such as U.S. Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner and the new Chairman of the IMF's International Monetary and Financial Committee Tharman Shanmugaratnam, Singapore's minister of finance since 2007 and former managing director of the Monetary Authority of Singapore, the country's central bank.
While in Washington, Ingraham held a bilateral meeting with Inter-American Development Bank President Luis Alberto Moreno and signed a $200,000 grant for emergency assistance to help mitigate the impact of hurricane Irene for those most affected by the hurricane, specifically residents of Eleuthera, Cat Island, Long Island, Rum Cay, Acklins, Crooked Island and Mayaguana.
Accompanying the prime minister to the US capital were various Bahamian officials with considerable experience in finance and economics and policy planning and governance.
The delegation included State Minister of Finance Zhivargo Laing, Central Bank Governor Wendy Craig, Fiscal Advisor in the Ministry of Finance Robert Henry, Senior Advisor to the Executive Director of the IMF John Rolle, Financial Secretary Ehurd Cunningham, and Simon Wilson of the Ministry of Finance, among others.
One can imagine the high level of discussions between the prime minister and international, Caribbean and Bahamian officials as he finalized the Chairman's remarks. It was reported that in his meetings with Mme. Lagarde that the two discussed "the state of affairs in the world's major economies, including Europe and the US", and "also talked about the outlook for improvement in the world's economic fortunes."
When Hubert Ingraham took the world stage as Chairman to address the WBG and IMF Board of Governors he knew what he was talking about. With three terms as prime minister, many years as finance minister and having faced down various economic crises with intelligence and grit, the world bodies knew they were listening to a seasoned leader, not an amateurish, sophomoric and reckless neophyte.
In his Chairman's address the prime minister showcased The Bahamas and the Caribbean detailing the challenges faced by the region as well as necessary responses.
"Like much of the Caribbean, the Bahamas is a small open economy that is highly tourist dependent. In common with the region, we are among the most susceptible to economic shocks, the effects of climate change and natural disasters. Our economic fortunes are tied very closely to that of the U.S. With a jobless low-growth recovery anticipated for the next few years, the region will need to redouble efforts to contain debt burden while making prudent public sector investments.
"To attract scarce global foreign direct investment, we will also need to further enhance the business environment, increase our productivity and aggressively exploit more diversified trading opportunities."
The prime minister also spoke to the continuing challenges for the global economy and the legacy of the downturn on even more advanced economies than The Bahamas.
In a single address he again put a lie to those still schilling the purposeful deceit that the effects of the economic crisis on The Bahamas were mostly of the Ingraham administration's making. Perhaps the leader of the DNA and his crack economic team would like to take some notes; they just might learn some real world economics helping to inform their amateurish statements.
This brings us back to the DNA. Leader McCartney likes to invite Bahamians to imagine. But imagine as they like, few can imagine him filling Mr. Ingraham's shoes at home, much less the world stage. It is certainly unimaginable if he heeds advice by those drafting policy statements and releases which contain some of the following idiocies.
Though the key economic sections of tourism and international financial services represent investment of billions of dollars, the DNA calls the economy false because Bahamians have limited ownership of these sectors. The DNA also refers to a lack of production capacity in the Bahamian economy where the per capita GDP is among the highest in the region.
The DNA also makes the same old tired pseudo-populist and pseudo-intellectual complaints about diversification failing to understand the nature of tourism and the actual diversification within tourism and across other sectors, more of which later on the Front Porch.