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The search has begun for the best junior athletes throughout the country.
Minister of Youth, Sports and Culture Dr. Daniel Johnson left yesterday beginning his tour, which is the first phase of constructing the National Sports Academy. Johnson applauded all the members of both the CARIFTA track and field team, as well as the swimming squad on the magnificent job over the Easter holiday weekend. He said the time is now to start investing in our junior athletes, especially those on the Family Islands.
"The real feature of our future progress in the sports world is going to center around this thing we call National Sports Academy," said Johnson. "That will begin happening in earnest, this summer. The structure and the staff have to be put in place. We are not going to jump up in Nassau right away, because Nassau has so much. We are going to go into the Family Islands and find the first crop.
"I will be going to Abaco, West End Grand Bahama and we are going to come right down the chain of islands this year, setting up some very innovative workshops and mini-academies. Those persons will be tracked for a year and come back to Nassau where we will engage with them at the highest level of coaching, training and sports science to make them the best that they can be."
In December of last year, Johnson said five persons were identified, so far. Those recruiters/coaches will have the responsibility of nurturing young Bahamian athletes who are enrolled into the national program. Several centers of excellence will be set up, giving Bahamian athletes full access to better training and updated facilities.
Johnson did not set an opening date for the National Sports Academy. Prime Minister Perry Christie announced last year that four centers of excellence will be constructed on four Family Islands. The athletic training centers will be constructed on New Providence, Grand Bahama, Exuma and Andros.
Downtown Nassau embodies all of the elements for a beautiful cosmopolitan city: harbor frontage, history and architectural splendors. Yet its revitalization stymies, not for lack of effort by the Downtown Nassau Partnership, but from years of poor planning and inadequate maintenance. As the government seeks to reignite investment in the Family Islands, it must be cognizant of the shortcomings created by ad-hoc development so brazenly portrayed on New Providence.
The Bahamas courts foreign direct investment often in the form of land development projects. In fact, the 2013/2014 budget communication acknowledges that foreign investment projects are expected to continue to support construction activity. A point reiterated by Prime Minister Perry Christie in his address to Parliament, where he championed the thousands of prospective jobs stemming from development proposals on Eleuthera, Exuma and the Exuma Cays, Mayaguana, Cat Island and others.
Unfortunately, such land development proposals can linger on the cusp of approval for months or years frustrating both the developer and jobseekers. Delays emanate from inconsistent government policies that arise in part from the absence of a cohesive national development strategy. The Bahamas struggles to proactively build its future and to facilitate those projects that meet national and island-specific goals.
Land use planning is a mechanism and vital component to guide and sustain the future development of The Bahamas. By integrating existing environmental and socio-economic conditions with national development goals, The Bahamas can facilitate project-specific investment that aligns with a vision for progressive growth.
The Planning and Subdivision Act as a catalyst
Enacted in 2010, a primary objective of the Planning and Subdivision Act is to "provide for land use planning based on a development control system led by policy, land use designations, and zoning". The 2010 act provides a refreshing legislative update that aligns Bahamian policy with modern planning principles. The planning process has evolved from a fragmented ad hoc approach to a macro-vision for community connectivity.
According to the 2010 act, a land use plan is a policy document that shows existing and future planned land uses including lands to be protected from development. While intentionally vague so as not be restrictive, a more appropriate definition is provided by Canadian Institute of Planners whereby planning "means the scientific, aesthetic, orderly dispositions of land, resources, facilities, and services with a view to secure the physical, economic and social efficiency, health and well-being of urban and rural communities".
A land use plan considers the physical, social and economic environment of a particular geographic area - i.e., the South Ocean property or Abaco. Most importantly, a land use plan is often a spatial (map) representation comprising several layers of data held in geographic information system (GIS) that allows for qualitative and quantitative analysis.
By integrating various land use designations in layers, such as environmental reserves, Crown land, utility infrastructure, planned commercial and residential areas, visual analysis of existing and proposed development becomes readily identifiable. Development thus becomes sustainable by being able to identify existing infrastructure and natural resource capabilities against future demand.
New Providence: A case study
New Providence mimics the global trend in urbanization with its proportion of the population increasing from 54 percent in 1953 to 70 percent in 2010. Such a high concentration of the population in the capital begets a natural accrual of public, economic and infrastructure resources further incentivizing relocation from the Family Islands. Yet, despite the perceived employment opportunities, poor planning has exacerbated the woes accompanying urbanization, namely crime and social stratification.
The World Bank acknowledges that demographic transitions are particularly difficult for small to medium-sized cities. In turn, insufficient infrastructure investment compounds the major urban challenges identified by the World Bank as climate change, resource scarcity, slum growth, poverty and safety concerns.
New Providence is all too familiar with these challenges as heavy rains exacerbate the drainage woes of Pinewood Gardens, shantytowns proliferate unabated and crime remains near record levels. Moreover, New Providence portrays the shortcomings of conventional zoning policy where building uses seldom account for adjacent land uses or public spaces. The fire at Strachan's Auto that threatened nearby homes exemplifies this danger.
But New Providence has been the subject of several concentrated land use studies. The revitalization of downtown Nassau has been mapped by ESDA and the recently implemented and completed road improvement project proposed some 20 years ago. But like the Family Islands, infrastructure costs are a significant capital burden depending on the investment of others or through proposed mechanisms like private-public partnerships.
A land use planning revolution
The 2010 act stipulates that land use plans shall be prepared for each island of The Bahamas and be available for public viewing. A comprehensive plan that entails the needs of a community while safeguarding natural resources provides a vision for the future possibilities of development.
Public participation is a crucial part of the specific island plans and may encourage positive developer relations. A land use plan previewed by the public may circumvent future issues of Crown land allotment if such uses are known to follow the goals of a national development policy.
In 2008, Planning Abaco, a land use plan for Abaco, was developed by Andrews University with the participation of Bahamian students, in collaboration with several local Bahamian firms. More recently, Harvard University has partnered with the government and the Bahamas National Trust to form Sustainable Exuma, an ongoing education and research directive to
generate land use plans for
Exuma. Both plans follow
the premise of sustainable development with a strong emphasis on environmental consideration and public space, but both are yet to be implemented.
At present, much of the concern surrounding Resorts World Bimini and the proposed expansion stems from the lack of an overall land use plan for Bimini and public consultation. While the public is assured that EDSA is drafting a master plan, it is curious that a land use plan is being developed in conjunction with construction.
It is also prudent to remember that numerous places in New Providence developed at a time when the environmental impacts were not assessed and many projects would never have been approved today. Yet, today policymakers cannot feign ignorance to the economic consequences of environmental degradation resulting from poor planning.
Integrated land use planning is integral to facilitating an actual commitment to sustainable development in The Bahamas.
o Melissa Bray Alexiou is the director of Waypoint Consulting Ltd., a project management and environmental consulting firm in Nassau, The Bahamas. For more information, visit www.waypointconsultingbahamas.com.
When Hubert Ingraham came on television election night after his Free National Movement (FNM) was defeated, he had my full attention. An era was over.
What would he say? How would he look? What next?
He was sad. He almost cried as supporters cheered for him on what must have been one of the most difficult nights of his life. The nation will always remember that moment. It was the beginning of the goodbye to one of the fathers of the modern Bahamas.
There are moments in history that stand out; moments when we unite around events that are about our collective journey as people; moments when we reflect on the contributions of those whose actions influenced our lives; moments when we reflect on greatness.
The next such moment in the exit of Hubert Ingraham will be his farewell address in the House of Assembly on July 25. After 35 years as a member of Parliament, Ingraham is to say goodbye to a place he distinguished himself in. The question is, though, will he and the men and women in that place live up to the moment, or will myopia make it an occasion less than it should be?
The fighter and the attacks
Whether you like him or not, Ingraham's story and accomplishments are extraordinary.
The poor boy raised in Abaco rose to become prime minister three times. During his first 10 years in office there was exceptional growth in the Bahamian economy. The international reputation of The Bahamas at the end of the Pindling regime was poor. Ingraham helped restore it.
After the FNM was defeated in 2002, he led it back to victory in 2007. In that last term in office Ingraham was faced with responding to the most significant recession since the Great Depression. Its effects still persist, with national bankruptcies occurring across Old Europe. While things worsened in The Bahamas, there was no collapse under Ingraham's watch. His stewardship during this period can be added to his list of many accomplishments.
While his successes help to explain why he was a consequential leader, his style of political combat, in part, explains why he is also so controversial.
The former FNM leader had one campaign he used repeatedly against the Progressive Liberal Party (PLP) and it worked three out of four times: They are corrupt.
The mighty Lynden Pindling was part deity to many. He was the Moses who led black Bahamians out of bondage. The Ingraham-led FNM used the allegations of drug-related corruption and impropriety regarding the disbursement of public funds in the run-up to the 1992 election not only to defeat Pindling, but to also re-write his legacy.
Commissions of inquiry and the persistent bludgeoning narrative that Pindling and the PLP were corrupt have led many young Bahamians today to regard Sir Lynden as more of a drug dealer mob boss than a legendary leader.
The attacks on the PLP did not end there, however. When Ingraham's friend Perry Christie became PLP leader and the two squared off in 2007, Ingraham went directly at him. He tore his friend down by branding him as lazy and inadequate.
The attack narrative was harsher in 2012. This time he essentially questioned Christie's integrity regarding his work as a consultant for an oil company, while also reminding the country that Christie was near useless as a leader.
Along with Christie, Bradley Roberts and Shane Gibson were favorite targets of Ingraham in recent years.
The intensity and persistence of his deeply personal attacks was married with a seeming anger. While Ingraham was mostly successful in felling his enemies over the years, or at least critically wounding them, his style also nurtured much anger, and in some cases hatred, in those on the other side.
Setting an example for the future
In this context saying goodbye to Ingraham in Parliament is not simple.
Many in that place on the PLP side despise him. Some think he should be subjected to commissions of inquiry as Sir Lynden was subjected to and that his legacy should be torn down with the same ruthlessness he used to bludgeon PLPs.
Via this thinking, the only words that should be uttered from the governing side about the former prime minister would be based in contempt, making Ingraham's last day in the House a verbal crucifixion.
But where would that leave us as a country? What example would that give to future generations? What culture would that help solidify in this young democracy?
Ingraham should be subjected to reasonable analysis by those who speak of him. The good and the bad should be laid out, presenting the full picture of a complicated and extraordinary man.
The instinct by some to embarrass the former leader should be resisted. But for this to happen, Ingraham too must be sober in his remarks and tone. At his press conference at the House on Thursday "the pit bull" returned. Ingraham launched a series of passionate attacks on the PLP. If he decides to say goodbye to Parliament in this manner, the occasion would be lessened and he would harm his legacy.
The Bahamas is in a precarious place. Its economy is weak; it has a crime problem; too many of our young people are poorly socialized to the point of being nearly feral. Our ship of state is sailing in the darkness on no discernible course.
A goodbye from a father of the nation will have the attention of the nation. People at work will turn on their televisions. Those in cars will turn to the public broadcaster to listen. It is rare for anyone to have such an audience.
Along with stating his accomplishments and discussing regrets, I hope the former prime minister speaks to some of his aspirations for The Bahamas and too warns of some of the dangers he sees in the culture and in his people.
I hope too that he speaks to this and the next generation of politicians about commitment to public life. Ingraham, Christie and Pindling were never really lawyers by profession. They were politicians. Whatever your view of the trio, they dedicated a lifetime to public service. Many who like to criticize them would never offer one minute of their time to the common man unless they are to be paid handsomely for it.
The former prime minister is a captivating and fierce man. We the pundits will miss him. He has an obvious love for politics. Those who want to be prime minister someday should know that that love for the fight that is politics is necessary if you are to make it to the top.
Ingraham often says that you don't make yourself prime minister, people do. This is true. His people made him prime minister three times. He should be proud that he was able to earn our trust that many times. And we should say thank you to him for all he has done.
Leadership is not easy. It is lonely and usually takes out of the person more than it gives. Hopefully in his retirement, the Delivery Boy, the Pit Bull, Papa is able to get some rest.
Straw vendors could be back under their tattered, temporary tent by the end of the week, according to permanent secretary in the Ministry of Public Works Colin Higgs, after Prime Minister Hubert Ingraham ordered it to be cleaned up.
The vendors had begun setting up shop along the wharf, as their temporary straw market tent was littered with debris following the passage of Hurricane Irene.
Ingraham told The Nassau Guardian as he toured his constituency of North Abaco Monday evening that the Ministry of Public Works is expected to go over a punch list of items needed to be completed by the contractor before the vendors can occupy the new Bay Street straw market.
Director of the Department of Environmental Health Services (DEHS) Melanie McKenzie said DEHS workers - and Ministry of Public Works personnel - began cleaning the tent on Monday and cleared debris from two remaining stalls yesterday.
Higgs said the structure's durability will be tested before the vendors will be allowed to move back in.
"The frame of the tent is still in place," he said. "The sides were tied down following the storm but the roof ripped during the high winds. We don't propose to replace the roof.
"We cleaned up yesterday and we will allow the vendors in if they want to, to set up their own tarpaulin shelters, until such time that they can move into the new market sometime next month."
Ingraham said when the punch list is complete the vendors will be presented with a list of rules for the new market, which he contended government will discuss with them.
"It's always a punch list when you do a contract, to make sure the contractor has done what he has had to do because once you occupy it that's it,' he said.
"The Ministry of (Public) Works will soon do its punch list and we will soon do a walkabout through the place before we accept the keys. It is now in the hands of the contractor.
"We will also soon publish the rules for the market."
The government has already made it known to the vendors that they will have to bring their business licenses and payments to the National Insurance Board up to date before they can be assigned a spot in the new market.
Ingraham said emphatically and enthusiastically that when the vendors move into the new market, their temporary tent site will be dismantled and replaced with a green space.
"As soon as the straw market is ready for occupation and the people have been assigned, we will remove that tent, clean that space and put a public open space in the city," he said.
While Prime Minister Hubert Ingraham reported that donations to the Free National Movement (FNM) are going "very well", he said his party is still "struggling financially".
The FNM leader declined to provide a figure of how much money the party received in the week-and-a-half since he made an appeal to supporters to donate through the party's website, but he said he is pleased so far with the level of donations.
"Quite a number of Bahamians have contributed to our online donation effort," he told The Guardian yesterday. "I am quite pleased with what is happening. People from all over The Bahamas are contributing, Grand Bahama, New Providence , Abaco, Long Island, Eleuthera, have all contributed to the party's effort. The donations have been as little as $10 and as high as $5,000."
Asked if the donations were enough to place the party in a comfortable position, Ingraham said the FNM is still depending on its supporters.
"We are financially challenged but we are making the best out of the situation," he said as he received notification on his phone of a $100 donation out of Abaco.
Ingraham has appealed to supporters to donate on several occasions.
"You'd be supporting the base of the FNM in terms of financial support. So I ask all persons residing in The Bahamas to please donate to the FNM. All you need is your credit card, Visa or MasterCard. Click on donate and tell us whether its $50, $100, $5,000 or $10,000," he said during a rally in Grand Bahama last weekend.
Ingraham added: "I would know instantly when you donate because it all comes through my BlackBerry as soon as you do it. And it only comes through my BlackBerry, no other one... only mine."
Ingraham said if someone sends the party money and it does not want to accept the money from that person it would be sent back immediately.
Ingraham has said repeatedly that the Progressive Liberal Party (PLP) is in a better financial position than the FNM.
The Progressive Liberal Party (PLP) is making plenty noise in Abaco nowadays. Opposition Leader Perry G. Christie and PLP Chairman Bradley Roberts are both convinced that Prime Minister Hubert Ingraham will be toppled at the polls in North Abaco by their standard bearer for that area, Renardo Curry.
Roberts said this much in a recent interview on the Love 97.5 FM radio talk show, "Issues of The Day". Roberts also said that the PLP's candidate for South Abaco, Gary Sawyer, will defeat the FNM's standard bearer Edison Key in that electoral contest.
Ingraham has represented the North Abaco/Cooper's Town constituency since 1977. By most accounts, the prime minister has been a very productive member of Parliament. Roberts said on the show that the young people of North Abaco are fed up with the dictatorial ways of Ingraham, and will vote for Curry, the man they have chosen to run against the prime minister in the upcoming election.
Roberts also added that Ingraham does not have a relationship with these young people. However, one wonders who these young people are. They are obviously opposed to the Free National Movement (FNM) and the prime minister. It appears as if these people are supporters of the PLP. Furthermore, other than the fact that they are opposition supporters, what exactly is their gripe with Ingraham? I mean, the prime minister has worked his tail off to build Abaco's economy during the past five years.
Abaco's economy is the third strongest in the nation, behind New Providence and Grand Bahama. A $12 million contract was recently signed for the construction of a state-of-the-art community hospital in Abaco. Additionally, a $27 million international airport is currently under construction in Marsh Harbour. The FNM government has also spent $100 million on a new Bahamas Electricity Corporation (BEC) power plant on that northern island. Ingraham has done so much in his area that several PLP representatives were complaining that Abaco has gotten too big a share of the economic pie.
That is why I am a bit baffled as to why Christie and Roberts are so confident that a political newcomer could gain a major upset victory in North Abaco against the prime minister. They cannot look you straight in the face and say that Ingraham has been an ineffective, incompetent member of Parliament. I am sure that they would have loved to go around The Bahamas and say that Ingraham has been a poor representative for his area, but they can't do that. Apparently, Christie and Roberts have come to the incredible conclusion that Ingraham is in deep trouble in North Abaco because of what some young PLP supporters have told them - hardly convincing.
If the young voters of a prosperous North Abaco constituency feel so dissatisfied with the prime minister's representation, then what is the political mood of the young voters in the impoverished constituency of Farm Road? If one were to compare Ingraham's performance in North Abaco with the performance of Perry Christie in Farm Road, you would honestly have to conclude that the prime minister has outperformed the PLP leader. Farm Road is one of the most impoverished constituencies in The Bahamas. There have been reports that many Bahamians living in that area are living in substandard houses without indoor plumbing.
Yet Christie has continued to win that seat by huge margins. It is my humble opinion that Christie doesn't deserve to win Farm Road anymore. His critics have alleged that Farm Road has been badly neglected over the years he has represented that area. However, rather than working to improve the economy of that constituency, Christie wants to pound his political chest in North Abaco instead. In light of all that Ingraham has accomplished for his constituents over the past five years, the question that I would like to ask is this: What possible reason would the voters of North Abaco have for rejecting Ingraham at the polls? They have absolutely no reason at all to vote against the prime minister.
Ingraham should win his contest with his hands tied behind his back and his eyes blindfolded. Despite the optimism of the hierarchy of the PLP, Renardo Curry does not stand a snowball's chance in hell of defeating Ingraham in North Abaco.
- Kevin Evans
It is indeed "remarkable" and almost "unthinkable" that politicians and their allies are being confronted in what might appear to be hostile environments, as the campaign for the general election unfolds. All Bahamians, inclusive of politicians, have the right to walk about in any area of this country so long as they do so in a peaceful and lawful manner.
I am not directly aware of what took place over in Bain and Grants Town the other day but if opposition forces should threaten the prime minister and his followers that was dead wrong and totally out of place. Mind you, I am more than aware that politics being what it is in The Bahamas, where one is forced to witness the spectacle of overt tribalism and gross stupidity over colors, the PM, an astute politician, would have been aware of the potential for hostilities.
Where do we go from here as a nation? On the evening of May 7, 2012 we will all know which political party will form the next government of this great little nation. Surely, we should be able to conduct ourselves in an orderly and peaceful manner?
Ingraham says that this is his last campaign. We've heard that before so one never knows what may eventually unfold as he goes forward. Did he say, however, his preference for a deputy leader of his party? Should there be any doubt that Tommy Turnquest (Free National Movement-Mt. Moriah) is the natural and logical choice? Why is he not being seen to be groomed by the PM to succeed him, if the FNM is to be returned to office?
People seem to believe that I have a soft spot for the minister of national security. No, I do not but I do respect his political acumen and the good job which he did on behalf of the FNM when Ingraham attempted, vainly, to ride off into his political sunset. If only because of these factors Turnquest deserves to be appointed or elected deputy leader of the FNM and if the FNM were to be returned to office, deputy prime minister.
I know for a fact that Ingraham is a cold, calculating and remorseless individual. It is, I submit, mostly all about him and his agenda, at all costs. Those may not be bad traits but they speak to the attitude of the individual. What will happen to the FNM if Ingraham is forced, due to health issues, to step aside? What would happen if an act of God obliged him to retire shortly after he has been reelected for North Abaco? Is he, indeed, a one-man band, as he would have postulated?
On the Progressive Liberal Party (PLP) side that party is "failing" to keep the attention of the electorate focused on the issues upon which the results of the general election will be determined. Its leaders are "allowing" Ingraham and the FNM, in my view, to dictate the pace and relevancy of the election campaign. What happened over in Bain and Grants Town was pure political distraction and theater.
Unless the PLP ramps up its campaign in meaningful ways, the FNM may well be reelected albeit by a grossly reduced majority. The size of the same, however, would not be relevant in the grand scheme of things as a win is a win. Where do we go from here?
To God then, in all things, be the glory.
- Ortland H. Bodie Jr.
Two web shop bosses said they are not concerned about revenue lost yesterday when gaming establishments were closed down across the country.
According to Craig Flowers, the CEO of the FML Group of Companies, the decision was made collectively to allow employees and supporters to cast their vote in the referendum.
"We all got together as a group to make certain that our staff and supporters would have an opportunity to come out and participate. I think that everybody that supports us is interested in seeing that it passes. So, if it is for that reason alone, I have no problem with us closing," he said.
Flowers said Monday's closure had no lasting impact on business.
Sebas Bastian, Island Luck's CEO, confirmed that all web shops were closed as a result of the gaming referendum. While revenue may have been lost as a result, Bastian believes the bigger picture was securing a yes vote.
"Whether it's $2, $10 or $200, it doesn't matter to us because there is nothing more important than achieving the yes vote on behalf of the Bahamian people. All of my shops are closed today, in fact the entire industry has shut down. The impact that this is having on our business isn't even important because we did it for the greater good," according to Bastian.
The results from yesterday's referendum were unknown by press time.
Earlier this month, Minister of Tourism Obie Wilchcombe said that web shops may be shut down for as long as three months, even if Bahamians vote yes in the referendum. The closures may be necessary, he said, to give the government time to properly regulate the sector.
Wilchcombe, who has ministerial oversight for gaming, said the government would need between 30 and 90 days to process and approve web shop licenses.
"We are at the moment receiving information from around the world just to make sure, looking at the various models, to make sure that we have at our doorsteps immediately all the materials required if we have to go in the direction of yes," he said. "If that is the case then we will have to set a time frame for when everything will be in place because you'll...have to perhaps stop the system and then restart it so that everything can fall within a new ambit of the law."
When asked if web shops will stay open during the transition process, he said: "Instinctively, I say no."
He added: "I don't think they will be able to because we'll have to put everything
in place and we have to issue licenses for it.
"Technically, nobody has a license for it right now. Don't forget the fee for the license has to be paid and the license will have to be issued. So all that will come subsequent if the answer is yes. So obviously there will have to be a time to allow it, whether it's 30 days, 60 days or 90. I would think more than 90 days.
Flowers had previously stated that, should there be a "no" vote, he would immediately shut down all of his web shops in The Bahamas and send staff home with full benefits.
"I would be the first to proceed to all of my stores with the assistance of any of the leaders of the no vote and assure them that each and every one of my stores would be closed immediately without any remorse. There's no doubt about that," he said.
"The only thing that I would require would be sufficient time to speak to my staff to assure them that all benefits earned by them while employed with my company, FML, they would all be recognized and paid in full."
He said he has 12 stores in New Providence, one in Grand Bahama and one in Abaco, and just under 400 employees.
The web shop gaming industry claims to employ more than 3,000 people.
U.S. Embassy Officer visits Moore's Island to recognize winner of the 2012 Dr. King Civil Rights Essay Contest
MOORE'S ISLAND, Abaco -- On March 27, the faculty and students of Moore's Island All Age School formally celebrated the accomplishment of 10th grader Devin Major, the Abaco winner of the U.S. Embassy's 2012 Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Civil Rights Essay Contest. On hand to celebrate the achievement was the U.S. Embassy's Public Affairs Officer Erica Thibault who noted that of the more than 120 essays submitted from students throughout The Bahamas, Devin's essay was one of four submissions that were selected for eloquently illustrating the power of a non-violent approach in advocating for justice and equality during the civil rights era.
In front of the 150 member student body, Principal Dinnea Cooper and Mrs. Thibault presented Devin with this year's grand prize, an Apple iPad 2 as part of the school's weekly assembly. Devin then read her essay, which focused on the contributions made by activists Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Rev. Jesse Jackson. She also shared through her essay how she would take an active stance in her community to promote peace by encouraging her fellow students to resist negative peer pressure.
"Many high school teens celebrate with their classmates when they do wrong. I know these students are behaving in this way because they are simply bored and have not found their calling in life. I believe that, if our school had enough after school programs, more children would begin to use their time and youth for good," Devin said in front of her peers.